The consequences of the disease of alcoholism become increasingly necessary recovery therapies and treatment for alcohol addiction.
Alcoholism is an addiction in which, according to Alcoholics Anonymous , combine two elements: a physical need for alcohol, and a mental obsession for it. Both come together in a compulsion to neutralize the control and underestimates the consequences. Alcoholism is a disease that can not be stopped with the sheer force of will. If there are no adequate means becomes a progressive and incurable disease, but like other diseases, can be stopped.
Symptoms of alcoholism
One of the most common effects of alcohol on the nervous system depression. It takes large amounts of alcohol to manifest the first reactions, such as a decrease in concentration and judgment. In excessive amounts, alcohol produces intoxication that can lead to coma ethyl. Alcohol also affects other body systems. Excessive consumption may cause gastrointestinal tract irritation. Vitamins are not absorbed properly, resulting in nutritional deficiencies in alcoholics of long evolution. Are also common liver problems. Psychological factors shows the anxiety , conflicts in relationships, low self-esteem, irritability, etc.
Etiology of alcoholism
Actually there are many reasons why a person may end up converted into alcohol. The most common are the hereditary type. It is believed that there is some genetic predisposition that leads to drinking. However, many alcoholics do not have ancestors with this problem. Education, when a lack of appropriate norms and standards, is a factor significantly in a bad relationship with alcohol. Also the shyness -the inability to carry out normal interpersonal relationships is an element that can lead to alcohol abuse. Personal problems, coupled with low resilience , also constitute one of the most common reasons to seek refuge in alcohol.
Treatment of Alcoholism
The treatment of alcoholism in psychology includes:
Psychotherapy: The goal is for the alcoholic to control the low tolerance for frustration, ideas of helplessness and guilt. It informs the patient about the consequences of alcoholism and is taught to control personal crisis. Self-reinforcement techniques are used for the successes that are achieved by involving family and friends. Identify risk situations to deal with them as well as the behaviors that lead to addiction.
Group Therapy: is pursuing training and reinforcement of social skills.
Supportive psychotherapy: You create an environment where alcohol can express their emotions and awareness of the problem.
Dynamic group psychotherapy: the individual is away from their conflicts so you can speak freely, seeking resolution in a line similar to cognitive-behavioral therapy group.
Family therapy is analyzed through the prism of systemic therapy, noting the family as a system in which to locate the “family dysfunction” which causes the alcoholic patient in their environment.
The WHO defined in 1952 to alcoholics ” and excessive drinkers whose dependence on alcohol has reached the point that there is an obvious mental disorder or have health problems that interfere physically and mentally in their personal, social and labor, or People who show prodromal signs of these problems . ”