Addiction is a condition characterized by signs and symptoms that differ among the many types or classes that require treatment or rehabilitation.
Consider a variety of factors when talking about the origins of addiction. Some common ones include the psychological and social character. They also seem to have a substantial impact biological and genetic aspects of the individual. In this sense there are several studies that demonstrate the existence of certain neurochemical changes apply to people with addictive disorders. Also envisages the possibility of a biogenetic predisposition in some individuals to develop addictive behaviors. Simply put, some people are more likely than others to develop certain addictions. As we speak of multiple factors when trying to find out the causes of addiction, there are also many types of addiction that can affect a person.
Types of Addiction
Usually, when thinking about addiction, the first thing that springs to mind is the alcohol, snuff or drugs. However, the spectrum, including addictive behavior is much broader. You could say that the key aspect that determines the presence of addiction is dependence, and this may be subject to substances, people, activities and emotions. So, jealousy or hatred, to name a few, can become emotional states that cause addiction. Some activities such as play, exercise or work can become compulsive and seriously interfere with and limit a person’s life. The relationship addiction, sex or co-dependency are other addictive behaviors whose prevalence is increasing.
Characteristics of addiction
It is important to differentiate what is an addiction of other behavior. A person may like a lot of a particular activity and therefore not a problem of addictive nature. The distinguishing characteristics lie in the effects they produce, such as the deteriorating quality of life, motivated in a straightforward manner for the consequences of the activity in question.
Another feature that invariably occurs is loss of control, be unable to prevent compulsive practice , but the addict sees it differently. This is because this is another feature that is always present: the self-deception and denial of the problem, leading to a lack of perspective when the personal deterioration associated with addictive behavior that causes it, and therefore not see the need to seek help. Many addictions, plus the damage inflicted self, are characterized by other collateral damage, particularly when backyard, as the couple or family.
Prevention and treatment of addictions
The first step to address the problem of addiction is to recognize that this problem is real and that no help will not be able to overcome. Without this first step is difficult to find a solution. And many times, the addict tries to find the solution to the sequelae of the main problem, as could be, for instance, a conflict of partner. If this conflict is given because one of its members have problems with alcohol, gambling or drugs, the resolution not be achieved by treating the consequences, but by attacking the underlying cause of conflict, in this case the addiction.
Once addiction is recognized and the need to do something about it, assess the various possibilities that exist to treat it. In many cases, as with sex addiction , alcoholism, gambling and others, a therapy based on mutual aid groups has proved very effective. Alcoholics Anonymous or associations adapted to other addictive disorders have clearly demonstrated their effectiveness. In others, the help of a trained professional can also be helpful. In all cases, to talk about it, face the problem and believe it is possible, will be essential to initiate any type of therapy to achieve success.