Alcohol abuse refers to chronic, excessive consumption, which interferes with the normal economic and social functioning of a person.
Alcohol rehabilitation attempts to try and bring normalcy to those affected by this disease. The alcoholic is unable to stop his craving for drink. The victim is unable to meet its obligations at work or at home and also carries out activities that are dangerous for him and those around him, such as drunk driving. May have legal problems, and can not and will not stop drinking despite personal problems, legal and medical alcohol can cause.
Diseases caused by excessive alcohol consumption
Alcoholism can be fatal. Affects the health of the addict in many ways. The Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is an irreversible condition associated with excessive alcohol consumption by pregnant women. This results in physical or mental defects and even fetal death. Another condition resulting from alcohol abuse is cirrhosis , which leads to liver failure and death.
Alcohol rehabilitation should always be conducted by medical professionals. This is the assessment and treatment of acute alcohol withdrawal, treat nutritional deficiencies, detoxification and maintenance of abstinence. Medical treatment of alcoholism initially involves the treatment of alcohol withdrawal. Treatment includes the use of thiamine and folic acid fed intravenously to prevent the syndrome of Wernicke Kosakoff (an eye disorder). Convulsions should be treated with benzodiazepines.
After medical treatment should be carried out a program of psychosocial rehabilitation. This includes informing the patient’s family therapy that is being followed with him. Supervised withdrawal from alcohol is the first step and should not be done hastily. The rush at this point may be counterproductive. A detoxification program with medical supervision would be the next step of treatment and later had to choose a rehabilitation center that does not treat only the addiction but also psychosocial problems resulting from alcoholism.
Of alcoholism to normal
The program must include a significant amount of therapy and counseling, essential for the treatment of alcohol. Patients learn to resist alcohol consumption through meaningful and rewarding. They are taught to flee the company of alcohol. They must also learn to work again within a normal family and social patterns continue everyday life. The detoxification process involves continuous monitoring of alcohol consumption. Some people may need medication for treatment, and this should also be followed closely by specialists in charge of it. Some may suffer mental health problems who need special treatment. The duration of the cure can vary in each case, but 3 months is more than sufficient for most treatments.
The truth is that there is no single formula for rehabilitation. Treatment success depends on finding the program and the appropriate methods. The most effective is to address the use of medications that work for the patient and the most appropriate solutions for everything related to medical, social, psychological, vocational and legal issues may be suffering alcoholic . Treatment may be long term, due to possible periods of relapse. The crucial point is not to lose hope, but working with patience up to total abstinence.