Aorta surgery: purpose, procedure and care to be taken

Aorta is the largest artery in the human body which carries away the oxygenated blood from heart to different parts of the body. An aorta  surgery is done to correct any blockage in the aorta, such as arterial occlusive disease. aorta  surgery is done under general anesthesia, three to four hours.
Purpose of Aorta surgery:-

* Restore blood flow to legs
* Restore blood flow to kidneys and intestines affected by aortic disease.
*  To prevent a rupture of the aneurysm in case of aneurysm,
* To treat the aortic disorders which can’t be treated with Medicine.
* To prevent complications of  arterial disorder.

Aortic Surgical  procedures:-

1. Removing the plaque (endarterectomy)
2. Removing a blood clot from an artery or bypass graft (thrombectomy or embolectomy)
3. Placing a bypass around a blockage in the aorta or an artery.

A aortic graft is used to bypass the blockage the aorta or replace the aneurysm. The graft is made  of a man-made synthetic  material. Synthetic grafts may be infected but are not rejected by the body .

Like other surgeries aortic surgery also has risk during the operative procedure. Risks differ from person to person and extent of artery disease. if a specialist performs the cardiac operation the risks may be less.  In some cases

* Bleeding,
* Blockage of the bypass graft,
* Infection, and heart problems,
* kidney failure and bowel obstruction

are seen after surgery. A special care during surgery prevents these complications.

some times aortic  surgery is postponed, if the patient reports fever, sore throat, cold or any infections. The patient undergoes aorta surgery should stop any anticoagulant drugs one week prior to operation. Surgery is also postponed on the basis of priority and emergency of condition.

Aortic resection is the procedure of removal of some portion of diseased aorta.

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