Folic acid is a vitamin B. This is a water-soluble vitamin that is involved in many processes in the human body. Our bodies need for the formation of new cells. Everyone needs folic acid. Folic acid is also known as vitamin B9 and becomes essential to many bodily functions ranging from nucleotide biosynthesis to synthesize DNA, to repair DNA, and DNA methylation as well as acting as a cofactor in biological reactions involving folate.
Folic acid is one of the B vitamins and are also enzyme cofactor that works complement DNA and RNA synthesis. In addition, folic acid may also convert homocysteine into methionine, while lowering levels of homocysteine in the body. Homocysteine is one cause of the increased risk of osteoporosis with age.
Overcome Rest Leg Syndrome
RLS (Rest Leg Syndrome ) is a movement of the foot that occurs in a person’s subconscious while asleep. It usually only happens for a moment, but if it happens repeatedly and almost every day, RLS can lead to sleep disturbances and depression. RLS may occur as a result of low levels of folic acid in the body. Therefore, a person who experienced RLS is encouraged to eat foods rich in folic acid.
Reduce Muscle Pain
Folic acid is belonging to the vitamin B known as neurotrophic vitamins, which help relieve muscle pain. This vitamin is also useful to speed up the recovery of nerve damage (myelin) that usually occurs after intense exercise.
Prevent Heart Disease and Stroke
More than 80 studies have found that increases in blood homocysteine can lead to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Specific mechanism of homocysteine in causing cardiovascular disease is not known with certainty. However, some researchers have suspected that the mechanism associated with blood clots, arterial vasodilation, and thickening of the arterial walls. Researchers also revealed that folate supplementation is sufficient, both for men and women, can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease by 45 percent.
Prevent Colon Cancer
Folic acid, which is found in green leafy vegetables, nuts, and whole grains (eg brown rice), plays an important role in the maintenance of DNA, the genetic material in our cells. Some evidence suggests that people who eat folic acid 40 percent lower risk of developing colon cancer.
Folic acid is also needed in the formation of red blood cells. Decreased levels of red blood cells can lead to a person experiencing anemia. An easy way to ensure that we have been taking folic acid at a sufficient dose is eating a variety of foods and supplements that contain folic acid every day.
Sources of folic acid is mainly found in green vegetables (due to folate term derived from the Latin folium, which means leaf green), fruits, lean meats, fish, whole cereals, grains, nuts, and oranges.
After knowing the health benefits of folic acid for our body, then make sure you always adequate intake of folic acid every day. Choose foods and multivitamins containing folic acid is enough in order to maintain your health.