Presentation of breech during delivery, instead of head presentation is called as Breech presentation.

Breech birth difficulties:

  • The buttocks may be arrested near the pelvic brim.
  • Buttocks may be arrested at the outlet of the pelvis, usually from extended legs.
  • The extension of arms prevents the delivery of head and shoulders.
  • The head may be arrested in the pelvic cavity or even above the brim.

Causes of breech birth

  • Multiple pregnancies,
  • Polyhydramnios or excess amniotic fluid,
  • Fetal anomolies, such as congenital abnormalities,
  • Uterine abnormalities,
  • postdated labour,
  • poor antenatal care

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