Is defined as the inflammation of the bronchi, or its branches, including trachea in the infants. it is the lower respiratory tract infection.
The causative factors may be the infection by the viruses such as adenovirus, parainfluenza, and influenza virus, rhinovirus, mycoplasma pneumonia.
Exposure to the air pollution pollens, allergies is also the triggering factors in the young children. Genetic factor plays a major role in the cause of bronchitis.
In case of young children, due to inflammation there is an increased secretion of mucus. This obstructs the airway. As there is no cartilaginous support, the constriction of bronchioles takes place.
symptoms of bronchitis:-
-upper respiratory tract infection for 1 to 4 days,such as common cold and sinusitis, sore throat, nasal congestion, etc.
-due to inflammation fever with chills is present.
-dry cough in early onset turns to productive later.
-cough may persist more than two weeks
-rapid and shallow respiration.
-nasal flaring and retractions.
Treatment of bronchitis:-
-No antibiotics are given to the children.
-Provide nutrition rich diet.
-Stabilize the child.
-Rest helps in improving the condition.
- antibiotics are given.
- Expectorants are given in case of excess mucus production.