Often heard, even sick yet, but still, few know about the disease and its symptoms really know. Not without reason, but many of the symptoms under the term “bronchitis” are grouped together and differentiated into various forms of medicine.
Ignited at a “normal” bronchitis, the bronchi of the lungs, other areas of the respiratory system are affected in addition, other names used. And in general, two types of bronchitis can be distinguished: the acute and the chronic.
General: Acute bronchitis is usually one of the diagnoses in general practice and often not accurate, because many different diseases are sloppy summarized under the term “bronchitis”. In acute bronchitis ignite the larger branching airways and depending on the affected section is referred to as tracheitis, tracheobronchitis, bronchitis or bronchiolitis. Usually bronchitis occurs in connection with a cold or flu and can be caused by various pathogens. Viral causes are common RS-, Rhino-, adeno-and parainfluenza viruses. A bacterial infection is usually only added to a viral and is on a yellowish discoloration of the green to be seen abgehusteten mucus. A fungal infection is very rare and mainly affects people with weakened immune systems. An accumulation of the disease may be in the spring and autumn as well as in children, the elderly and people with immune deficiencies identified.
Symptoms: Common symptoms of acute bronchitis are cough with mucus, difficulty breathing and fever. After first cold symptoms begin after two to three days of coughing. Initially mostly dry, it comes a little later by the swelling of the mucous membranes to clear to yellowish-greenish or even bloody sputum. In spastic bronchitis cause spasmodic muscle contractions to wheezing or wheezing. Some patients also experience a burning sensation behind the breastbone.
Therapy: acute bronchitis usually heals by itself out, the symptoms can be alleviated with nasal drops, cough syrups, ointments, baths, inhalation or mild pain medications. It should also be drinking a lot to promote the liquefaction of the mucus. Teas especially thyme and Spitzwegerichkrauttee are particularly suitable for this. Also, breast wrap with cheese or potatoes are a proven home remedy. Antibiotics should only be for special indications (for example bacterial infection in young children) are used. Prophylactic can be at risk get a flu shot.
General: Chronic bronchitis is defined by the WHO (World Health Organization) is a disease in which there is “cough and sputum production on most days for at least three months in two consecutive years.” In Germany, about 20 percent of men suffer from chronic bronchitis, in Austria in 2004 by the Austrian Medical Association of 1,500 cases were recorded in adults, with men about three times more frequently affected than women. A distinction is made between chronic catarrhal bronchitis, chronic bronchitis and mucopurulent chronic bronchitis, atrophic, each with different symptoms. Triggered the chronic bronchitis is to be decisive to 90 percent by smoking, but also environmental factors like air pollution, industrial emissions or irritating fumes. In addition to his frequent respiratory infections and chronic sinusitis causes of chronic bronchitis. Possible sequelae are COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), emphysema or chronic right heart failure.
Symptoms: cough and sputum production are the first two symptoms that are found in chronic bronchitis. With the growth of slime-forming cells in the bronchial glands and the reduction of cilia leads to increased production of mucus that is coughed up, especially after getting up. After that, then the patient be symptom-free for hours. Fever, night sweats, slight signs of inflammation in the blood, shortness of breath and a weakened immune system are other symptoms. For more severe cases, the oxygen concentration in the blood decreases and cyanosis occur in the violet to bluish discoloration of the (mucus) skin, lips and nails, can be locked.
Treatment: When triggered by smoking chronic bronchitis is the most effective smoking cessation, resulting in a month already a clear improvement, the symptoms usually disappear in the long term in its entirety. In addition, the symptoms, for example, through breathing exercises, oxygen administration and medications (for ease of expectoration, pain relievers, etc.) can be alleviated.