Cancers in the Female Body

The most deadly cancer in women is Ovarian Cancer with only a 50% survival rate after 5 years and that rate declines to 30% after the age of 65.

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer, which accounts for 33% of all female cancers, is the most common cancer in women. Every woman has a 1:8 chance that she will get breast cancer during her lifetime.

Survival Rate
Breast cancer has an 86% survival rate 5 years after diagnosis.

Risk Factors
The most common risk factors are being a woman over the age of 50, having a family history of breast cancer, delaying pregnancy until after age 30, being overweight, having a history of prior breast cancer, your consumption of alcohol, and smoking.

Warning Signs
Some of the symptoms or warning signs that you may have with breast cancer include a discharge or bleeding from nipples, a change in nipple shape and/or location, a change in breast size, shape or contour, lumps, flattened areas, puckered skin, or moles that have changed in size, color or shape.

Prevention Strategies
While there is no sure way to prevent breast cancer, there are several things that you can do to decrease your risks. These include increasing your physical activity, limiting alcohol consumption to l or less servings per day, limiting your fat intake, controlling your weight to a reasonable range, having children early, and breast feeding.

Screenings & Preventions
There are several different screening options and methods of prevention for Breast cancer. Monthly self-exams of the breast are so important. By doing a monthly exam, you will know what your “normal” breast feels like, allowing you to better detect when your tissue feels abnormal. Be sure to do the exam both standing up and lying down as it can be your earliest detection strategy. Remember, 8 out of 10 lumps are NOT cancer. Monitor all lumps for a menstrual cycle and get them checked out by your doctor. Here are the screening guidelines by age:

Age 20-39: Perform monthly self-exams of the breast and get a clinical breast exam every 3 years.

Age 40 and Over: Perform monthly self-exams of the breast and get an annual mammogram and clinical breast exam.

Uterine Sarcoma/Endometrial Cancer

Survival Rate
Endometrial cancer has an 84% survival rate after 5 years.

Risk Factors
The most common risk factors are never being pregnant, long menstrual cycles, HRT/ERT (Hormone Replacement Therapy/Estrogen Replacement Therapy), obesity, high fat diets, age, and diabetes.

Warning Signs
Some of the symptoms or warning signs that you may have with Endometrial cancer include bleeding, pelvic pain, and/or lower back pain.

Preventive Strategies
While there is no sure way to prevent Endometrial cancer, there are several things that you can do to decrease your risks. These include no HRT’s, eating a low fat diet, and receiving annual pelvic exams

Cervical Cancer

Survival Rate
Cervical cancer has a 70-91% survival rate after 5 years.

Risk Factors
The most common risk factors are having an HPV infection, being a women over the age of 50, smoking, a family history of cervical cancer, and eating a diet low in fruits and vegetables.

Warning Signs
Often times, you will have no symptoms with cervical cancer, but you may have some vaginal bleeding.

Preventive Strategies
While there is no sure way to prevent Cervical cancer, there are several things that you can do to decrease your risks. These include abstinence or monogamy, practicing safe sex with condoms, not smoking, eating a diet high in fruits and vegetables, and receiving annual Pap tests.

Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian Cancer is the most deadly of all the female cancers.

Risk Factors
The most common risk factors are being a woman over the age of 65, a family history of Ovarian cancer, the use of fertility drugs, and the use of estrogen/progesterone pills.

Warning Signs
Some of the symptoms or warning signs that you may have with Ovarian cancer include abdominal swelling, pelvic pain or pressure, and lower back pain.

Prevention Strategies
While there is no sure way to prevent Ovarian cancer, there are several things that you can do to decrease your risks. These include breast feeding, eating a low fat diet, eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, and receiving regular pelvic exams.

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