Acne is a condition of the skin that causes zits or pimples. It includes blackheads, whiteheads, inflamed skin patches like cysts and reddish skin. It is a disorder of the hair follicles of the chest, face and back that affects all individuals at the time of puberty. Though, it is not caused due to bacteria, however bacteria plays a vital role in its development. Continue reading “Acne Causes And Tips” »
Suicide causes immeasurable pain, suffering, and loss to individuals, families, and communities nationwide. On average, 100 Americans die by suicide each day. Suicide is the third leading cause of death among 15-24 year olds and more than 8 million adults in the United States had serious thoughts of suicide within the past 12 months. Continue reading “Suicidal Behavior” »
People with psychotic disorders lose contact with reality and experience a range of extreme symptoms that usually includes: Continue reading “Psychotic Disorders” »
Self-harm refers to a person’s harming their own body on purpose. About 1 in 100 people hurts himself or herself in this way. More females hurt themselves than males. A person who self-harms usually does not mean to kill himself or herself. But they are at higher risk of attempting suicide if they do not get help. Continue reading “Self-harm” »
Some people experience a serious mood change during the winter months, when there is less natural sunlight. This condition is called seasonal affective disorder, or SAD. SAD is a type of depression. It usually lifts during spring and summer. Continue reading “Seasonal Affective Disorder” »
What is Bipolar Disorder? Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive disorder, is a mental disorder characterized by major mood swings between feeling really “high” and really “low.” The mood swings are different from naturally occurring mood changes that everyone experiences. Continue reading “Bipolar Disorder” »
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a mental health condition in which a person has long-term patterns of unstable or turbulent emotions. These inner experiences often result in impulsive actions and chaotic relationships with other people.
Binge eating is when a person eats a much larger amount of food in a shorter period of time than he or she normally would. During binge eating, the person also feels a loss of control.
People with personality disorders experience patterns of behavior, feelings, and thinking that can:
- Interfere with a person’s life
- Create problems at work and school
- Cause issues in personal and social relationships
Antisocial personality disorder is a mental health condition in which a person has a long-term pattern of manipulating, exploiting, or violating the rights of others. This behavior is often criminal.
Cause of antisocial personality disorder is unknown. Genetic factors and environmental factors, such as child abuse, are believed to contribute to the development of this condition. People with an antisocial or alcoholic parent are at increased risk. Far more men than women are affected. The condition is common among people who are in prison.
Fire-setting and cruelty to animals during childhood are linked to the development of antisocial personality.
Some doctors believe that psychopathic personality (psychopathy) is the same disorder. Others believe that psychopathic personality is a similar but more severe disorder.
A person with antisocial personality disorder may:
- Be able to act witty and charming
- Be good at flattery and manipulating other people’s emotions
- Break the law repeatedly
- Disregard the safety of self and others
- Have problems with substance abuse
- Lie, steal, and fight often
- Not show guilt or remorse
- Often be angry or arrogant
Schizophrenia is a severe, lifelong brain disorder. People who have it may hear voices, see things that aren’t there or believe that others are reading or controlling their minds. In men, symptoms usually start in the late teens and early 20s. Continue reading “Schizophrenia” »
Depression is a serious medical illness that involves the brain. It’s more than just a feeling of being “down in the dumps” or “blue” for a few days. If you are one of the more than 20 million people in the United States who have depression, the feelings do not go away. They persist and interfere with your everyday life. Symptoms can include Continue reading “Depression – serious medical illness that involves the brain” »
Mental health problems and substance use disorders sometimes occur together. This is because:
- Certain illegal drugs can cause people with an addiction to experience one or more symptoms of a mental health problem Continue reading “Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders” »
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a problem of not being able to focus, being overactive, not being able control behavior, or a combination of these. For these problems to be diagnosed as ADHD, they must be out of the normal range for a person’s age and development. Continue reading “Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)” »
Behavioral disorders involve a pattern of disruptive behaviors in children that last for at least 6 months and cause problems in school, at home and in social situations. Nearly everyone shows some of these behaviors at times, but behavior disorders are more serious. Continue reading “Behavioral Disorders” »
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a real illness. You can get PTSD after living through or seeing a traumatic event, such as war, a hurricane, rape, physical abuse or a bad accident. PTSD makes you feel stressed and afraid after the danger is over. It affects your life and the people around you.
PTSD can cause problems like
- Flashbacks, or feeling like the event is happening again
- Trouble sleeping or nightmares
- Feeling alone
- Angry outbursts
- Feeling worried, guilty or sad
PTSD starts at different times for different people. Signs of PTSD may start soon after a frightening event and then continue. Other people develop new or more severe signs months or even years later. PTSD can happen to anyone, even children.
Medicines can help you feel less afraid and tense. It might take a few weeks for them to work. Talking to a specially trained doctor or counselor also helps many people with PTSD. This is called talk therapy.
A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder. It is a strong, irrational fear of something that poses little or no actual danger. There are many specific phobias. Acrophobia is a fear of heights. You may be able to ski the world’s tallest mountains but be unable to go above the 5th floor of an office building. Continue reading “Phobias are types of anxiety disorder” »
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety disorder. If you have OCD, you have repeated, upsetting thoughts called obsessions. You do the same thing over and over again to try to make the thoughts go away. Those repeated actions are called compulsions. Continue reading “Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder” »
Bulimia is an illness in which a person binges on food or has regular episodes of overeating and feels a loss of control. The person then uses different methods — such as vomiting or abusing laxatives — to prevent weight gain. Continue reading “Bulimia – illness in which a person binges on food” »
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that makes people lose more weight than is considered healthy for their age and height. Persons with this disorder may have an intense fear of weight gain, even when they are underweight. They may diet or exercise too much, or use other methods to lose weight. Continue reading “Anorexia nervosa – Eating Disorder” »
Panic disorder is an anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent unexpected panic attacks and the individual’s response to those attacks. A panic attack is a surge of intense fear and discomfort that usually peaks within ten minutes, but can last as long as several hours. Continue reading “Panic Disorder” »
Stress is your heart pounding and hands sweating right before a presentation at school or work. Stress is the emotional exhaustion you feel after prolonged overworking and sleep deprivation. Everyone has felt stressed at some point in his or her life. Stress can be beneficial. It can motivate us to set goals and accomplish them, and it can boost our productivity. Continue reading “Stress No More: Simple Tips to Improve Your Health by Reducing Stress” »
This is a syndrome where the gastrointestinal tract shows no abnormalities on physical or x-ray examination. There seems to be altered bowel contractions that are needed to propel the food through the digestive tract. Bowel contractions can be altered by many factors, including drugs, stress, activity, food, and emotions. Continue reading “Irritable Bowel Syndrome” »
Heartburn is also known as pyrosis, dyspepsia, indigestion, esophageal reflux. Heartburn is defined as an acid leaking from the stomach into the esophagus or throat, causing irritation or burning sensation of the tissue. Heartburn happens when there is an increase or decrease in acid production from the stomach, or when the stomach sphincter, which is a one-way valve to keep stomach contents in, leaks its contents into the esophagus. Continue reading “Heartburn Signs and Syndromes” »
Mood disorders are prolonged atypical emotional illnesses that cause a problem in one’s life. Included here are unipolar depressive that suffers from depression and bipolar suffers from depression and mania, or state of elevated mood emotions and hyperactivity. Continue reading “Mood disorders – Depressions” »
When bowel movements occur less often than usual and with difficulty, this is referred to as constipation. The result is often a BM that is small, hard, and difficult to pass, resulting in abdominal cramping, rectal discomfort, and occasionally bleeding. When constipation is chronic or recurring, a search for a cause is generally advised. Continue reading “Constipation Causes, Symptoms and Treatments” »
Sprain. A ligament is defined as a fibrous connective tissue attaching bone to bone. Ligaments stabilize mobility by preventing certain range of motions. Ligaments are made up of connective tissue that resist stretching. They have a very poor blood supply to them. Because of this, they heal slowly. Sprains are classified as mild or plus one, meaning that the ligament fibers have been stretched or slightly torn. Continue reading “Sprain / Strain” »
One of the oral health problems most frequently encountered is tooth cavity. Tooth cavity can occur at all ages, ranging from children to adults. In general, there are several things that can lead to tooth cavity, such as the habit of eating sweet foods and bad behaviors concerning to the teeth. Continue reading “Best Guides to Prevent Tooth Cavity” »
Low blood pressure:-
we all know about high blood pressure and its problems. Low blood pressure is also a life threatening. “Decrease in the normal blood pressure i.e. systolic blood pressure less than 110 mm of Hg and diastolic blood pressure less than 70 mm of Hg is called as low blood pressure” Continue reading “Low blood pressure: symptoms and treatment” »
Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by the moving blood against the blood vessels. Usually the blood pressure refers to arterial blood pressure. Continue reading “Blood pressure : systolic and diastolic blood pressure” »
Upper back pain
“Upper back pain is the pain originated in the upper region of back, i.e. thoracic region” . Pain between neck region and bottom of spine is called as back pain. Improper position, Trauma and sudden injuries causes upper back pain. Upper back pain is the most common complaint by who works at computers and office whole day. Continue reading “Upper back pain : causes and treatment” »
The symptoms of Asthma differ from person to person. The symptoms of asthma may be similar to other respiratory diseases or cardiac diseases. The main, typical symptoms of Asthma are:- Continue reading “Asthma symptoms / signs” »
Arthritis treatment is very important to relieve pain of millions of arthritis patients worldwide. The treatments for arthritis diseases includes rest, relaxation, exercise, arthritis relieving diet, medication, health education etc. The proper body mechanics also helps in avoiding joint stress and are the best arthritis treatments. Continue reading “Arthritis treatments : Arthritis exercises , arthritis diet” »
Hypertension / high blood pressure:-
Hypertension is nothing but high blood pressure. in us adults one among three have high blood pressure. it is one of the silent killer. those who attain an age of 30 should undergo for medical check up to find it. if it early find out, it can be well controlled. an undiagnosed high blood pressure prolongs for long time may cause damage to our heart, kidneys and brain.
What is blood pressure?
it is the pressure exerted by the blood against the blood vessels as it is pumped by the heart. when the pressure exerted by the blood increased, is known as high blood pressure or hypertension. this high blood pressure develops without showing any signs and symptoms.so early check up is better to find it and we can prevent complications. the blood pressure is checked by a device known as sphygmomanometer, with the help of stethoscope.
the normal blood pressure of an healthy individual is 120/80 mm of Hg.
the pressure exerted by the blood when the heart contracts is known as systolic blood pressure and the pressure exerted when the heart dilates is known as diastolic blood pressure.
Definition of Hypertension:-
” hypertension is the persistent high blood pressure, in which the systolic is more then 140mm of Hg, and diastolic is more then 90mm of Hg which are measured in two or more consecutive days in a week”.
In patients with diabetes or kidney disease studies have shown that blood pressure over 130/80 mm Hg should be considered high and warrants further treatment.
Type of hypertension:-
There are the two major type of hypertension,
1. essential hypertension ( primary ) : accounts for 95% of hypertension. The cause of essential hypertension is multi factorial, that is, there are several factors whose combined effects causes this. Essential hypertension affects approximately 75 million Americans, yet its basic causes or underlying defects are not always known. Approximately 30 % of cases of essential hypertension are attributable to genetic factors. they have an increased resistance (stiffness or lack of elasticity) in the tiny arteries that are most distant from heart.
2. non essential or secondary hypertension : which accounts for 5% of hypertension, the high blood pressure is secondary to (caused by) a specific abnormality in one of the organs or systems of the body.
Other types of hypertension :-
1) accelerated hypertension :it is the progressive hypertension with the funduscopic vascular changes.
2) adrenal hypertension : that associated with an adrenal tumor which secretes mineralocorticoids.
3) borderline hypertension : in which the arterial blood pressure is sometimes within the normal range and sometimes within the hypertensive range.
4) gestational hypertension : it develops in the pregnant mothers.
5) malignant hypertension : a severe hypertensive state with papilledema of the ocular fundus and vascular hemorrhagic lesions, thickening of the small arteries and arterioles, left ventricular hypertrophy, and poor prognosis.
6) ocular hypertension : it develops in the intraocular region, without signs of glaucoma.
7) portal hypertension : abnormally increased pressure in the portal veins which brings blood to the liver.
renal hypertension : that associated with or due to renal disease with a factor of parenchymatous ischemia.
9) pulmonary hypertension : it is the pressure exerted in the pulmonary arteries.
10) systemic venous hypertension : elevation of systemic venous pressure, usually detected by inspection of the jugular veins.
Causes of hypertension:-
2. excess salt intake.
3. sedentary life style
4. vascular diseases
5. renal diseases
6. adrenal gland tumor
7. genetic factor
8. Coarctation of the aorta
9. The metabolic syndrome
10. unknown cause.
Symptoms of hypertension:-
– night sweating
– hearing own heart sound.
– measurement of bp above 140/90mm of Hg
While elevated blood pressure alone is not an illness, it often requires treatment due to its short- and long-term effects on many organs. The risk is increased for:
1. HYPERTENSIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY.(heart failure)
2. RENAL DAMAGE.
3. CEREBRO VASCULAR ACCIDENT (STROKE)
4. RETINAL DAMAGE. (retinopathy)
5. MYOCARDIAL INFRACTION.(heart attack)
investigations done in newly diagnosed hypertension.
Common blood tests are:-
– creatinine :to identify any underlying kidney diseases or to check any damage to kidney due to hypertension.
– electrolytes (sodium and potassium)
– electrocardiogram (ECG)
Treatment of hypertension:-
LIFE STYLE MODIFICATION : don’t become slave to the snacks and spices. because these leads to increased cholesterol level in the body. the regular exercises are very helpful to control hypertension. the doctor usually recommend to reduce your weight or to reduce obesity. how to reduce weight? we should reduce the fat intake in the food. use more vegetables foods. avoid food stuffs such as chicken, mutton,egg, cheese, etc. the recommendation is to give up SMOKING and Alcohol .smoking leads to changes in the blood vessels and alcohol damages the organs. instead of using lifts use stair cases. avoid sedentary life styles. cultivate an habit of walking every day morning or evening. do an half an hour exercises at least 3 days a week if you are busy. otherwise do the regular exercises it keeps you healthy and freshness as it enhances the easy blood flow in the body.
reduce the amount of SALT in the diet.the regular intake of calcium has an effect in reducing hypertension.use the fruits and vegetable rich diet, low fat or reduced fat,low sodium diet. This diet is known as the DASH diet(Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension), and is based on National Institutes of Health sponsored research. the fruits, vegetables, and nuts have the added benefit of increasing dietary Potassium, which offsets the effect of sodium and acts on the kidney to decrease blood pressure.
the stress situation should be avoided, such as avoiding high sound levels or high illuminations helps in reducing blood pressure. to avoid stress condition the Meditation is preferred.
Avoid heavy workload and be tension free.
there are number of drugs to treat hypertension called antihypertensive drugs. which lowers the blood pressure. Evidence suggests that reduction of the blood pressure by 5-6 mm Hg can decrease the risk of stroke by 40%, of coronary heart disease by 15-20%, and reduces the likelihood of dementia, heart failure, and mortality from vascular disease.
Commonly used drugs are:-
1. ace inhibitors : such as captopril, enalapril etc
2. angiotensin receptor antagonist : such as irbesartan ,
3. alpha blockers : Eg. prazosin
4. beta blocker ; such as metoprolol, atenolol, labetalol.
5. calcium channel blocker such as amlodipine verapamil etc.
6. diuretics: hydrochlorothiazide.
7. direct renin inhibitor: tekturna.
this type of many medications should be used initially for hypertension. then the combination of drugs is given.
Epilepsy is one of medical condition. it is one of the seizures disorder. it is common chronic neurological disorder. it is characterized by the recurrent unprovoked seizures. it effects nearly 50 million people throughout the world. it is not cured but can be controlled. it is usually treated with medical treatment. in some cases surgery is preferred, not all epilepsy syndromes are life long . in children it may disappear in later years. Continue reading “Epilepsy : causes, symptoms, types and treatment epilepsy” »
Obesity is the medical term used to indicate the excess growth of body. in this condition the natural energy is reserved in the form of fat .obesity invites most of diseases, especially the cardiac diseases and diabetes, infertility etc.it has become the more cause for death(mortality). Continue reading “Obesity : causes, complications and treatment” »
Snoring is the sound resulting from the obstruction in breathing while sleeping due to vibration of respiratory structures. If you have snoring more than you, others who sleep with you will get irritated. usually the sound is unpleasant, as it may be soft or loud. the structures engaged in creating sound are uvula and soft palate.The irregular airflow is caused by a blockage, due to fat accumulation in and around the throat. Continue reading “Snoring: causes and prevention methods” »
Most of us experience bad breath of us, or others. Bad breath is the unpleasant odour comes from the mouth while opening of mouth, through exhaled air. adults are much affected from the problem of bad breath. Continue reading “Bad breath : causes , prevention , treatment of bad breath” »
The consumption of an alcohol has become the fashion in this modern era. From ancient time itself man has enjoyed being intoxicated. It was used as an important part of social occasions and rituals. So the trend is still continuing. Now a day’s alcohol consumption is regarded as one of the most serious public health problem, in entire world. Continue reading “Alcoholism : Alcohol Effects on body” »
As one of the important body fluid, blood is a fluid connective tissue present in the circulatory system. the presence hemoglobin gives red color to blood.
blood made up of fluid component plasmas 55%, and formed elements – Continue reading “Blood : plasma, components, functions of red blood cells” »
Causes of yawning:-
Even though causes of yawning are not exactly known, it’s believed following are main causes.
* a state of cooling mind.
* as a state of psychological decompression after high alertness.
Meningococcal meningitis is the inflammation of meninges, the layer which covers the brain and spinal cord superficially. Septicemia and meningococcal meningitis are the two major diseases caused by meningococcal bacteria and is the main form of bacterial meningitis. Wide spread blood infection is also a meningococcal disease. Continue reading “Meningococcal meningitis : causes, symptoms, treatment, prevention” »
Whooping cough symptoms Causes of Whooping cough – Whooping cough is commonly known as pertussis. Whooping cough is the correct medical spelling. pertussis is a infection respiratory tract of infants less than 2 years old. This disease gets its name because patients with the disease make a “whooping” sound when they take a breath. Whooping cough is a contagious disease. Inhaling contaminated droplets leads to pertussis. The chemical is produced in the respiratory tract and it leads to inflammation.
Asthma is a chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder, constricts airway associated with respiratory inflammation and excess mucus production. Most of asthma trigger factors causes asthma attack. Continue reading “Asthma attack : causes and Asthama triggers” »
Lung cancer is the most common cause of death due to caner in the world, and is confirmed that smoking lungs are most prone to have lung cancer. Smoking lungs are formed because of cigarette smoking and nicotine in the cigarette makes individual to addict and prolonged cigarette smoking causes smoking lungs and leads to smoking lung cancer. Continue reading “Lung cancer : Smoking lung cancer, causes and symptoms” »
Temporary paralysis of facial muscles, with unknown cause is called Bell’s palsy. Bell’s palsy is the disorder of facial muscles control, due to paralysis of facial nerve. Bell’s palsy may affect only one side or both the sides of facial muscles. Brain tumor, stroke, lyme disease and other conditions causes Facial paralysis. If the facial muscle paralysis is of unknown cause is called Bell’s palsy. Continue reading “Bells palsy : Causes, symptoms and treatment of facial muscle paralysis” »
Over activity of muscles due to hyperactivity of nervous impulses is called as seizures. Seizure is the mental disorder, can affect all the age group. Children are more affected with seizure. Repeated seizure attacks are called as Convulsions. Tonic clonic muscle movement is the main symptom of seizure. Seizure is studied under the neuroscience. Continue reading “Seizure: types, causes, symptoms and treatment” »
An abnormal area of brain tissue anatomically or physiologically is called as brain lesion. The MRI scan shows the shadow area or abnormal image, which confirms, the brain lesions. The brain lesions may be formed as a blood clot, cerebral hemorrhage, etc. Continue reading “Brain lesions : Brain damage, Causes, treatment” »
Schizophrenia is the mental disorder, characterized by brain disorder and deviation of behaviour from reality. Hallucinations and delusions are common symptoms of Schizophrenia. Some schizophrenia symptoms are common in both adults and Childhood schizophrenia. Continue reading “Schizophrenia symptoms: delusions, hallucinations and disordered speech” »
Bloody mucus stool:-
Individuals with lower intestinal and rectal complaints usually passes hard stool looks covered with mucus. Bloody mucus stool may be associated with pain or without pain. Hemorrhoids or Anal fissures are the common cause of hard stool with blood and mucus. Continue reading “Bloody mucus stool : causes, symptoms, Treatment” »