Folic acid is a vitamin B. This is a water-soluble vitamin that is involved in many processes in the human body. Our bodies need for the formation of new cells. Everyone needs folic acid. Folic acid is also known as vitamin B9 and becomes essential to many bodily functions ranging from nucleotide biosynthesis to synthesize DNA, to repair DNA, and DNA methylation as well as acting as a cofactor in biological reactions involving folate. Continue reading “Benefits of Folic Acid Supplements” »
Appendicitis during pregnancy:-
One in thousand pregnancies will get appendicitis. Even appendicitis is not difficult to treat in non pregnant state, appendicitis in pregnancy is difficult to manage. Continue reading “Appendicitis during pregnancy and Management” »
Early pregnancy symptoms:-
Pregnancy symptoms are the experiences felt by the mother during gestational period. The pregnancy symptoms varies from one woman to another. Pregnancy symptoms varies in their frequency, intensity and duration. The pregnancy symptoms can appear same as that of pre-menstrual discomforts.The woman experiences variety of physical mental changes in the period of pregnancy. Continue reading “Pregnancy symptoms : early signs and symptoms of pregnancy” »
Pregnancy infections may cause damage to growing fetus or baby. The medications or drugs used to treat pregnancy infections also cause drug induced damages to both mother and baby. Continue reading “Pregnancy infections and prevention” »
Drugs and pregnancy:-
Pregnancy is the very vital state for every women. A Women becomes mother after giving birth to baby. The women is going to give birth to the baby which resembles the parents usually. As the fetus or baby grows in mothers womb, an external additional nutrition supplement is essential for mother to nourish the growing baby. Continue reading “Drugs and pregnancy, Drugs affects pregnancy” »
Presentation of breech during delivery, instead of head presentation is called as Breech presentation.
Breech birth difficulties: Continue reading “Breech birth defects : causes, difficulties, treatment breech birth” »
Definition and Description:-
Starting of labour before the term between 20th to 37th week of pregnancy is known as preterm labour.
The contraction of uterus and dilation of cervix to give birth to child is called Labour. Early starting of labour before the completion of gestational age is called as Preterm Labour. Continue reading “Preterm labor signs, causes, risks and treatment” »
Third trimester is the vital stage of pregnancy, at the end of this the child’s birth occurs. Also the fetal growth is high during third trimester pregnancy, all the parts of baby are mostly developed at the end of third stage. Last three months of pregnancy are physically and emotionally challenging to mother. Continue reading “Third trimester pregnancy symptoms” »
Mother get both physical and mental surprises during second pregnancy.During first pregnancy tugging, pulling and expanding a month sooner is common. this may not be seen earlier during second pregnancy. Continue reading “Second pregnancy : change of symptoms and facts” »
First month pregnancy:-
First month pregnancy is also called as fetal bud stage. The first month of pregnancy starts from the day of last menstrual date to four weeks of pregnancy. Size of fetal bud in first month is around 0.5-1 cm. The heart and spinal cord of fetus develops in the first month of pregnancy. So special nutritional care is important for the pregnant mother. Continue reading “First month pregnancy symptoms” »
Artificial process of starting labour or stimulation of child delivery using medicines is called as Labor induction. Labour induction is done when labor is not started normally and the birth of baby has to be taken place in order to save life of both mother and baby. Continue reading “Labor induction : procedure and benefits” »
Pregnancy signs :-
Number of signs indicate labor and gives the clue that the process of child birth has been started. Most of pregnant mothers are confused that they have labor, is it true labor signs or not. Careful observation and assessment helps in finding signs of labor. pregnancy labor is the term used by some people for child birth process or labor. The differentiation between false labor and true labor signs is important. Continue reading “Pregnancy signs : true and false pregnancy signs and child birth” »
Implantation of fertilized ovum other than the uterus tissue is called as ectopic pregnancy. tubal pregnancy is the main form of ectopic pregnancy. Implantation of ovum also occurs in the cervix and ovaries and also can occur in abdomen. great tissue damage occurs at the site of implantation other than the uterus and is very dangerous to health of mother. Continue reading “Ectopic pregnancy: causes, symptoms and treatment” »
PPH is abbreviated as postpartum hemorrhage. The bleeding occurring in the birth canal of mother within ten days after delivery, even with normal delivery or cesarean section is called as postpartum hemorrhage. If not treated Postpartum hemorrhage is a life threatening complication, leads to shock and even death of mother if proper medical care is not given. Continue reading “Postpartum hemorrhage: symptoms, causes, risk factors & treatment” »
- Vacuum extraction or ventouse is an instrumental device designed to assist delivery by creating vacuum between it and fetal scalp. The pulling force created by the vacuum, pulls the baby and and drags the skull of the baby.
- Vacuum delivery is the safest method of delivery or child birth.
- The vacuum extractor or ventouse consists of suction cup with four sizes, 30, 40, 50 and 60 Cm.
- A vacuum pump and traction rod device.
The duration of pregnancy in human beings is around 280 days.
fertilization is a process of union of male and female gametes to form zygote. This generally occurs at the outer end of the fallopian tube. After the sexual act, sperms travel towards the uterus and enter the fallopian tube . Continue reading “Pregnancy physiology: fertilization & zygote” »
The world health organization has defined sub fertility as the inability to achieve a pregnancy after 1 year of unprotected intercourse. The term infertile strictly speaking, should not be used until it is proved that pregnancy is impossible. Continue reading “Male and Female infertility : Causes and treatment of infertility” »
Breastfeeding is an art of offering breast milk to baby. sucking reflex of baby makes it suck the milk from mother’s breast. Continue reading “Breastfeeding : benefits / advantages” »
Hypertension pregnancy or pregnancy induced hypertension is the hypertension or increased arterial pressure developed during pregnancy. The changed hormonal levels in the body and physiological changes causes hypertension during pregnancy. The hypertension pregnancy or high blood pressure pregnancy develops after the gestational age of 20 weeks. Continue reading “High blood pressure pregnancy causes, symptoms and treatment” »
Cesarean section is the procedure of delivery of baby through an incision made in the lower abdominal wall. A small incision is made as the baby can be taken out and after baby is born the walls are repaired using stitches. The baby birth after cesarean section is called as cesarean delivery. Continue reading “Cesarean section: indications, care after delivery” »
Uterine rupture is the obstetrical problem or complication of pregnancy. injury to the continuum of events at the weak point of the uterus. Uterine rupture is normally noticed by the obstetrician or doctor while conducting Cesarean section. The tearing of uterus normal continuity and bleeding occurs from the site of uterine rupture. Continue reading “Uterine repture during pregnancy: causes, symptoms and treatment” »
Rh incompatibility :-
Rh factor is the protein present in blood and blood groups are termed positive or negative on the basis of Rh factor. If mother is Rh-negative and father is Rh-positive, the mother may get aborted because of Rh-incompatibility.