Secondary Hypothyroidism

About secondary hypothyroidism: The thyroid gland is one of the important glands of the endocrine system that is responsible for the production of several hormones like the thyroxin, triiodothyronine and calcitonin. All these hormones perform vital function that controls the body metabolism and also regulates the calcium balance within the body. Continue reading “Secondary Hypothyroidism” »

Do You Have The Flu

It can be difficult to tell the difference between the flu and the cold virus because some of the symptoms are the same but there are differences. A doctor can examine you and tell if you have the flu. If the person is seen by a doctor within 2 or 3 days of coming down with the symptoms a doctor can run tests to determine if what the person has is the flu or not. Continue reading “Do You Have The Flu” »

Causes Of Hemorrhoids

Causes of hemorrhoids may be due to varied grounds. The blood veins, which are in the rectal region, will respond to tension that is being strained in the area. Yet, the tension may come from different origins and may lead to hemorrhoids to be a troublesome condition, and also, cause pain. Continue reading “Causes Of Hemorrhoids” »

Celexa And Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, or manic depression, is a mental illness that manifests itself as mood swings or mood cycling between depressed, manic, or normal moods. There are two types of bipolar disorder. The first type, sometimes called raging bipolar, manifests itself as almost constant mild mania, with periods of sever mania alternating with depression. Continue reading “Celexa And Bipolar Disorder” »

About Bipolar II Disorder

Bipolar disorder is also known as manic depressive disorder. It is a mental illness that presents itself as mood swings or mood cycling. Many people do not realize that there are actually two types of bipolar disorder. Bipolar I disorder is typically defined as raging mood cycling with episodes of extreme mania and depression, as well as the occasional mixed episode. Bipolar I patients may also experience psychotic or hallucinating symptoms. Continue reading “About Bipolar II Disorder” »

Sleep Apnea Mood Swings

Sleep apnea may not be a commonly known term, but it’s a sleeping disorder that many people suffer from. In sleep apnea, affected individuals suffer from shallow breathing, with regular pauses in their sleep that last approximately ten to twenty seconds or even more. Such pauses can occur as frequently as thirty times in an hour. Continue reading “Sleep Apnea Mood Swings” »

Detox Symptoms

In today’s modern world most of the people are suffering from one or the other disease. And the attack of these problems is via environment and the food we eat. It sounds strange that how food can make us unwell! After industrialisation the excessive use of chemical fertilizers has lead to accumulation of chemicals and pesticides in our body. Continue reading “Detox Symptoms” »

Hemophilia: causes and symptoms

European history beckons with blood disorder ‘Hemophilia’ for centuries together. Hailed as a ‘Royal Disease’, because Queen Victoria, who was the carrier of the gene, transmitted this disease to her sons and daughters who belonged to Royal families of Spain, Germany and Russia.

Hemophilia, a rare genetic blood disorder, affects mostly young boys and men. An estimated of over 50000 people across the globe are suffering from hemophilia disorder. In US alone, over 17000 males are born with this disease.Результат пошуку зображень за запитом "Hemophilia"

MEANING

Hemophilia is a rare genetic blood disorder. It is hereditary in nature. This disorder prevents coagulation of blood. This leads to uncontrollable bleeding. In fact, it is worst in children, when bleeding fails due to absence of specific proteins called ‘factors’. These factors are necessary to prevent excessive clotting.

TYPES

There are there two types of Hemophilia

Hemophilia A: This is caused due to lack of blood clotting of factor VIII. Approximately 85 percent of hemophiliacs suffer from this type.

Hemophilia B: This is caused due to deficiency of factor IX.

Hemophilia C: This caused due to deficiency of factor XI

CAUSES

Hemophilia is a rare hereditary disorder. It is mostly passed on from mother to the sons. The reason behind this rare transmission, it is caused by the mutation to a single recessive gene on the X chromosome.

Biologically, females have two X chromosomes, while males have one X and one Y chromosome. Which means, that females carry one of the hemophilia gene in one of her X chromosome. If she becomes pregnant, chances are her son will have the disease, while her daughter becomes a carrier of the gene.

So far, in about one-third of the children with hemophilia, there is no family history of the disorder. Normally, the disorder results due to creation of new gene mutation. This genetic defect affects due to the following questions:

  • How much clotting factor a person will produce?
  • How the factor will function?

Based on these questions, medical practitioners came to a conclusion that the less normal clotting factor you have, the more severity is the hemophilia.

SYMPTOMS

Being a bleeding disorder, the most common symptom of hemophilia is the non-stop excessive bleeding and bruising. Defect in blood clotting factors results in low levels of fibrin. This impairs the body’s ability to create strong blood clots.

Bruising

Bruises normally occur from minor accidents. This causes swelling, where a large number of blood clots are formed under the skin.

Easy bleeding

Hemophilia signs are often characterized by bleeding from the nose, mouth and gums. Daily brushing or any kind of dental procedures is a sure symptom.

Bleeding into a joint

This can lead to excruciating chronic arthritis, deformity and crippling with repeated occurrences.

Bleeding into the muscles

Bleeding into the muscles can cause swelling, pain, and redness. This can cause increased pressure on tissues and nerves, resulting in deformity.

Bleeding from injury or bleeding in the brain

Bleeding from injury, or spontaneously in the brain, is the most common cause of death in children with hemophilia. A brain hemorrhage can occur from even a small bump on the head. It could lead into blindness, retardation and a variety of neurological deficits.

WHOM TO CONSULT?

A child physician or a pathologist will definitely assist you with correct diagnosis and treatment for a healthy tomorrow.

Spina bifida: causes and effects

Crippled with permanent birth defect can prove to be a shocking experience for any family member. The worst amongst them all is ‘Spina Bifida’. Derived from the Latin words ‘Spina’ and ‘Bifida’ meaning ‘spine’ and ‘split’ respectively.

In simple words, it is a malformation of the spinal cord. It is caused by an incomplete closure of one or more vertebral arches of the spine.

In Canada alone, one in every 1000 live births are born with symptoms of spina bifida. Similarly, in the United States, spina bifida occurs in about seven out of 10000 live births where common symptoms like paralysis in limbs, walking difficulties and muscular co-ordination are quite evident.

CAUSES OF SPINA BIFIDA

Referred to as one of the ‘Neutral tube defects’, it affects the totality of spinal vertebrae leading to permanent deformity and paralysis for life.

Normally, it begins in the mother’s womb, much before she knows that she is pregnant. Here the tissues fold to form a neutral tube, which may or may not be developed completely. This leads to an opening in certain parts of the vertebral arch, which in turn result into the malfunctioning of the central nervous system.

According to medical research studies, it has been proved that expectant mothers with the following health problems have a high chance of their newborn suffering from spina bifida.

  • Folic acid deficiency
  • High sugar levels
  • Obesity
  • Side effects of medicines for treating epilepsy
  • Exposure to high room temperature
  • Family history of neutral tube defects.

EFFECTS OF SPINA BIFIDA

The effects of having spina bifida vary from person to person. It depends upon the level of spina bifida. It could be of the following types:

  • Occulta
  • Meningocele
  • Myelomeningocele
  • Depending upon the type of severity of spina bifida, the following are the common effects:

  • Paralysis and loss of sensation: Paralysis, muscle weakness and loss of sensation are severe effects of spina bifida. There is lack of skin sensation, due to skin tissue breakdown leading to pressure pores.
  • Lack of bladder and bowel control: Since, the nerves that control the bladder and bowel are located in the lumbar spine incontinence are a major effect. With the result, there is a pressure on the kidneys, which may further lead to severe renal disorders.
  • Hydrocephalus: In common parlance, hydrocephalus means ‘water on the brain’. It creates a potential dangerous condition, where accumulation of spinal fluid within the brain is caused by over production of the fluid.
  • Education: Research studies have proved that most children with spina bifida have a normal intelligent quotient. While, most of them suffer from cognitive learning disorders.
  • Independence: Children with spina bifida have slim chances of leading an independent lifestyle.

WHOM TO CONSULT?

It is a gynecologist who could give you first hand pre-natal medical test reports to indicate the signs of spina bifida. Thereafter, after the birth of a newborn, it is neuro-surgeon that is responsible for further treatment and rehabilitation.

Candida yeast: Meaning, symptoms and prevention

MEANING

Viruses like bacteria and fungus can strike you any moment. Sometimes, it warns you of the consequences or sometimes it may kill you silently.

Well, that’s Candida Yeast, a type of fungus infection. Our body requires some amount of candida to maintain our immune system.

In certain cases, the candida microorganisms may aggravate and cause infections of the mouth, intestines, vaginal and skin.

Candia yeast is a strong and invasive parasite. On an average, at least thirty million men and women all over the world are suffering from this infection.

CAUSES AND SYMPTOMS

Candida yeast infection causes and symptoms may be due to the following reasons:

  • Taking antibiotics may upset your immune system and the functioning of your guts. Oral medications at low dosages over a period of time may cause this infection.
  • Any kind of stress can trigger off physical changes in our body. It drains out the immuno-globulins, which is the first line of defense in our immune system.
  • Corticosteroidal medications, for asthma, eczema and rheumatoid arthritis, generally have a depressive effect on the immune system.
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy behaves as female sex hormones in the body. Changes in the hormone levels are one of the main reasons why women are more prone to this infection.
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can cause inflammation of the gut wall. It may interfere with the production of prostaglandin, which protect the mucous lining of our guts from our digestive acids and enzymes.
  • Poor diet is another cause of candida yeast.
  • Stimulants and depressants exhaust the adrenal glands, liver and pancreas and releases stored sugars into the blood stream, thereby causing this infection.
  • High sugar levels, that is, diabetes will cause more sugar in the blood and urine for the yeasts to feed on.
  • Eating disorders like starvation, bingeing and purging through vomiting or taking laxatives will all damage the friendly gut flora. The candidiasis will lead to weight loss and food cravings.

Other symptoms

Health symptoms and complications of candida may include:

  • Bladder infections
  • Energy loss
  • Puffy eyes
  • Fatigue
  • Food cravings
  • High fever
  • Heartburn
  • Hyperactivity
  • Inflammation
  • Itching
  • Insomnia
  • Migraine
  • Mouth infections
  • Rashes
  • Sore throat
  • Thrush
  • Thyroid problems.

DIETARY ADVICE

Besides treating symptoms with anti-fungal drugs, diet plays an important role in curing and controlling candida yeast infection. The main idea of adopting a diet plan is to eliminate foodstuff that feed on yeast. The time frame for following this diet chart depends on the severity of the symptoms. Normally, there is a marked improvement in the recovery process within two to four weeks.

The following are the general dietary tips to avoid aggravation of candida yeast:

  • Reduce carbohydrates
  • Reduce yeasty foodstuff
  • Reduce dairy products
  • Reduce intake of processed or packaged food
  • Reduce intake of fungi and mold

Cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease which includes heart attacks and strokes, is the #1 killer of both women and men in the US. Some experts estimate that an astounding 140 million Americans are at risk for heart disease, or 1 out of every 2 people. Unfortunately because you can’t “feel” high cholesterol levels, most people don’t learn of their condition until it’s too late. Continue reading “Cardiovascular disease” »

Avoiding Allergic Reactions

Most allergens attack and trigger allergic reaction if they find themselves on the skin or inside the eye. Allergic reactions can happen through inhalation, ingestion or injectionand, as discussed previously, allergies can be seasonal as with the case of the hay fever or it can be drug or dust-induced and food-related. Continue reading “Avoiding Allergic Reactions” »

What is allergic rhinitis?

Allergic rhinitis, more commonly known as “hay fever,” happens when you breathe in something you are allergic to. The inside of your nose becomes inflamed or swollen. When this happens, the body’s immune system overreacts to specific particles such as plant pollens, molds, dust mites, animal hair, industrial chemicals, tobacco smoke, foods, medicines, and even insect venom. Continue reading “What is allergic rhinitis?” »

General symptoms of Mental Disorders

A study of various mental disorders has enable psychiatrists and psychologists to discover some general symptoms of mental disorders. These symptoms pertain to various distinguishable aspect of the mind. They should not be thought of as disturbance of difference mental faculties, because mind is one homogeneous process. It is an integral function of organism which cannot be split into components. Continue reading “General symptoms of Mental Disorders” »

Diarrhea – what to do

Diarrhea refers to an increase in the rate of bowel movements from the body or may be reduction in the form of stools (looseness of stool). Even though these changes in the frequency of stool movements and looseness of bowels might vary independently from each other, changes occur often in both. Causes of diarrhea can be many; diarrhea has to be distinguished from few other conditions. Continue reading “Diarrhea – what to do” »

Dengue – Symptoms

Mosquito-borne diseases are very well-known to all. People get prone to various diseases like malaria, dengue etc. Dengue fever infects around 50 million people every year mostly in the tropical region. Till now there is no specific vaccine or treatment for Dengue fever. With no vaccine or treatment for the dengue viruses, it is very important that the symptoms for the disease be treated as soon as possible. Continue reading “Dengue – Symptoms” »

Chikungunya Symptoms and Cure

Most of us suffer from joint pains at some point of time, but if you are suffering from intense joint pain which does not let you move, beware this may be Chikungunya. It can catch throat of people of any age. Normal joint pains occur when joints get week; but it is a viral disease. As the name suggests, the disease is spread by a virus. Continue reading “Chikungunya Symptoms and Cure” »

Acne Causes And Tips

Acne is a condition of the skin that causes zits or pimples. It includes blackheads, whiteheads, inflamed skin patches like cysts and reddish skin. It is a disorder of the hair follicles of the chest, face and back that affects all individuals at the time of puberty. Though, it is not caused due to bacteria, however bacteria plays a vital role in its development. Continue reading “Acne Causes And Tips” »

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

What Is Generalized Anxiety Disorder? Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a mental disorder characterized by excessive worry about everyday events and activities, such as school, work, family, friends, or money. The individual not only worries; he or she also finds it difficult to control the worry and ends up worrying about worrying. An individual with GAD may also have the following symptoms: Continue reading “Generalized Anxiety Disorder” »