Alcoholism is one of the causes of alcohol and alcoholic beverages, habit has consequences and damage to society.
Drinking alcohol relaxes, creates a certain pleasure, comes to disinhibit and facilitates socialization and communication. Drinking alcohol causes eventual alcoholism , is that the preference for alcohol as an addictive drug is a matter of availability and acceptance in society.
Causes of alcoholism
It is very convenient to distinguish between the causes of alcohol abuse and dependence causes that only few people can develop. Consequently, some people from the beginning are unable to handle alcohol, others lose control after a short time, more slowly if they drink wine if ingested distilled spirits. Once achieved, alcohol dependence, tend to persist even when consumption is interrupted for several years.
In alcohol abuse and alcoholism are social and cultural factors. Social groups vary in their attitudes towards the use and abuse of alcohol. However, some surveys show results for countries to spend more on alcohol than on education and health care. He blames childhood experiences play a causal role in alcoholism. No doubt, children are perpetuated in the people through their character traits and certain traits of character is shown to promote alcoholism.
It is said that mothers of alcoholics are often overprotective mothers, tolerant or cold and dismissive. However, it is difficult to ensure that the experiences children of alcoholics are heterogeneous who are not. Based on the publication of Schukitt, MA, “Genetics and the Risk for Alcoholism”, heredity seems to play a role in the proclivity to alcoholism, over 50% of parents of an alcoholic, 30% of siblings, 6% mothers and 3% of the sisters are alcoholics.
Consequences of alcoholism
In 1978 it was found that among the essential problems of mental health alcoholism ranked third, after mental retardation and psychosis. In 1982, he concluded that alcoholism was second in the priority problems of mental health, followed by learning disabilities, emotional, or both, in children.
Currently, it appears that 5.7% of the population over 20 suffers from alcoholism, as Consumer variations in different regions, the percentage of heavy drinkers ranges from 6 to 20% and most affected group of men between 30 and 50 years old, who plays the prime of life. The consumption of alcoholic beverages in Mexico has grown extensively in recent years, in 1984, we conducted a study on alcohol consumption, where per capita consumption estimated 72 liters of active ingredient per year.
30% of violent criminal actions that occur in our country the alcohol has been present in the following proportions:
¤Traffic accidents 36%
¤Accidents at work 33%
¤Violations of 45%
¤Shaken baby syndrome 15%
50% other violent actions
With regard to absenteeism at work, 12% is due to excessive alcohol consumption, this represents an annual loss of 160 000 hours between insured workers, and states that the figures are alarming in the working uninsured. It has also been linked to the neglect of children, family disintegration and economic loss due to absenteeism at work.
Approximately 4% of alcoholics have needed medical attention, either alcoholic psychosis or personality disorders and behavior. Finally, liver cirrhosis, as one of the most momentous consequences of excessive and prolonged consumption of alcohol associated with malnutrition, occupies the first place among the leading causes of mortality, 2nd place in people 35 to 44, 4th in the 25 to 34, the 4th in the 45 to 64, and 6th in the 65 and older.