Cyclic vomiting syndrome – Phases, Causes and Treatment

As loving parents, do you ever want to experience the pain of your loved son or daughter vomiting at regular intervals for long periods? No doubt, it is true that children do experience this type of terrible ailment. It is termed as ‘Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome’.Dr Samuel Gee first described the symptoms of Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome in 1882. Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome is a rare disease affecting mostly children. It is characterized by recurrent episodes of severe vomiting, nausea and prostration.

The vomiting continues for prolonged period of time. In few cases, it can affect adults also. So far, the explanations have not been satisfactory. IIt normally starts in the age group of three to seven years of age.

PHASES OF CYCLIC VOMITING SYNDROME

Результат пошуку зображень за запитом "Cyclic vomiting syndrome"There are four phases of Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome which are as under: PRODROME: This phase signals that nausea and vomiting is about to commence. It is often marked by mild or severe abdominal pain. There may be cases when the person wakes up and begin vomiting.

EPISODE: In this phase, the patient find it difficult to eat, drink or take medicines without vomiting. There is a sensation of paleness, drowsiness and exhaustion.

RECOVERY: Here, the nausea and vomiting stops completely. There is sign of increased levels of energy and appetite.

SYMPTOM-FREE INTERVAL: It is a period between episodes, when no symptoms are present.

CAUSES

So far, medical researchers have not been able to analyze the exact cause or causes. They simply are not in a position to find out whether the problem is of the brain or the gut. Some say, that it could be due to neurological malfunction or flawed stress-hormone activity.

SYMPTOMS

Severe vomiting, nausea and retching are the first signs of Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome. Generally, episodes usually begin at night. Or they begin by first thing in the morning. They last to about anywhere from one to five days. It may be even go in longer for ten days. In severe cases, vomiting or nausea can go up to six to twelve times an hour.

Other symptoms of Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome are

  • PallorПов’язане зображення
  • Exhaustion
  • Listlessness
  • Unconsciousness
  • Sensitivity to light
  • High fever
  • Drowsiness
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal
  • Drooling and excessive thirst
  • Dehydration

TREATMENT

Cyclic vomiting syndrome is an incurable disorder. However, the treatment varies from patient to patient. Generally, patients are advised complete rest and sleep. In severe cases, hospitalization is advisable, where sedatives are administered to prevent dehydration. In case of recovery, electrolytes salts are advisable to boost up energy levels.

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