Have you ever encountered a dental emergency? There are many dental emergencies that may occur to individuals of all ages, do you know what to do if one happens to you or a member of your family?Here are some common dental emergencies that you may encounter at some point in life:
* Abscess – an infection occurring around the root of a tooth or in the space between the tooth and gum.
* Soft-tissue injury – an injury to the tongue, cheek, lip or gum in which bleeding occurs.
* Loose wires for those with braces – a wire breaks or sticks out of a bracket or band and the result is that it is now poking into your cheek, gum, or tongue causing pain or bleeding or both.
* Lost crown – the dental work, called a crown, has fallen off and there is a hole in your tooth exposing a sensitive area.
* Lost filling – a filling that the dentist previously put into a tooth has fallen out exposing a hole in your tooth which is now sensitive.
* You have an object caught between teeth – You have tried to floss the object out but cannot get it out and it is causing irritation of the gum and possibly pain.
* Somehow a tooth has been knocked out – a tooth or part of a tooth has been knocked-out during a sporting event, or as a result of a fight or an accident.
* You have broken or chipped a tooth
* You have a toothache
The first thing you need to do if any of the above dental emergencies occur is to NOT PANIC. Dental emergencies are rarely life or death. You do need to keep a cool head and to think before you act though. If you are not the patient, then keep the patient calm. #1 rule in any medical or dental emergency is to control bleeding, call for assistance, save any fragments of tooth, bone, tissue, etc., in a clean container as the below instructions:
If the emergency is a toothache, floss to remove any food particles you may have between teeth, rinse with warm water, and never place an aspirin or any type of dental gel against the gum around where the ache is as this could cause damage to the gum tissue. It is important to see a dentist as soon as possible.
If the dental emergency involves a fractured or chipped tooth save any pieces that you see that may have come off of the tooth in a clean cloth. If the area is bleeding, apply a clean gauze to the area for around ten minutes or until the bleeding is controlled. Then, apply a cold compress to the OUTSIDE of the mouth, not to the inside, but on the outside of the mouth approximately where the injured tooth area is located to help bring about pain relief and to control swelling. Again, it is important to see your dentist as soon as possible.
If you have lost a tooth it is important to save the tooth in a clean cloth. Rinse the tooth in clean water but do not remove any tissue. Do not touch the tooth below the crown area (the part you can see of the tooth when it is in your mouth). Place the tooth in a container of fresh, clean milk. If you do not have milk you can place the tooth in a clean container with fresh, clean water and sprinkle a little salt in the water. You need to get to the dentist within an hour if the tooth is to be saved.