Parkinson’s disease is a physical condition that most characterized often by involuntary movements of the muscles. It is a result of damage done to nerve cells.Diagnosis
If a person is suspected to have any type of problem affected by a damaged nervous system they will usually undergo neurological tests. This includes examination of reflex action as well as a series of vision tests. Various other cognitive abilities such as fine motor skills or the ability to remember facts may also be administered.
These tests are usually performed by a qualified medical professional. There is unfortunately no specific lab or blood analysis that can determine whether or not a person is affected by this condition.
This degenerative disease often causes significant impairment of motor and cognitive functioning. For instance, some people affected may not be able to use their hands to dial 911 in case of an emergency.
Furthermore, they may not even be able to get out of bed if they are in the advanced stages. Sometimes they cannot groom or bathe themselves.
The number one symptom of this condition is probably shaking of the hands, feet, legs, or arms. They may also experience sever joint trouble as the muscles stiffen. Furthermore, their vision could be impaired, and they may have difficulty speaking or swallowing.
However, every case is so different. Some individuals may not experience any severe symptoms. Therefore, they are able to adjust fairly easily to the small changes. It is the worse cases in which a person usually becomes extremely helpless and needs to be taken care of.
Depending upon which subtype a person is diagnosed of it this condition could also be a result of many neurological factors. For instance, some cases are bought on by severe strokes while others are simply a cause of environmental pollutants.
Most cases of PD are irreversible, but can be managed with use of medication. Further efforts are also being made to find new ways to treat people. In addition to new prescription drug formulas, this research also applies to alternative procedures such as deep brain stimulation (DBS).
Advancements in Treatments
DBS is a procedure approved by the FDA in 1997. It is a procedure that involves the use of a single electrode transplant. More strides have been made in this line of treatment as of 2002, which the FDA also approved bilateral DBS treatments.
As of 2003, already at least a couple of thousand people were experiencing the positive effects of this new type of treatment. This actually improved the ability to walk in some people. Furthermore, they were also able to perform daily tasks with more ease.
The quest of a better solution for treatment of this condition is not over with. However, this is considered a great start.
Other forms of treatment include the use of FDA-tested prescription medications such as Levodopa. This specific prescription drug affects individuals in a little different way. In some people it could cause serious problems.
Therefore, this one may not necessarily be the first choice of some medical doctors. However, it is one of medication that is considered the most respectable in regards to managing symptoms. Therefore, it is one of these that is used most often.