Patients with nephrotic syndrome have damaged kidneys. The condition is marked by kidney malfunctions like decreased protein levels and increased cholesterol levels in blood. Besides prescribing medications, the doctor also asks the patient to follow a suggested diet plan; diet is extremely important for managing nephrotic syndrome. This article will discuss about the changes to be incorporated in the daily diet plan of a patient with nephrotic syndrome.
The diet plan for nephrotic syndrome patients must aim at compensating the protein loss occurring due to the disease. These patients must take a diet rich in health proteins; this will protect the kidney from any further damage. The food items that can be taken as a source of protein include: eggs, dry fish, lean meat, legumes, sprouts etc. However, excess protein intake must also be avoided. Taking surplus protein will force the damaged kidney to function vigorously for filtering the extra protein, which might result in tubular damage in the kidneys. Nephrotic syndrome patients should also consume a diet containing extremely low levels of fat. This is because these patients already possess high blood cholesterol levels. Their diet should never include food items containing saturated fats like cheese and margarine or any food item containing excess oil.
Nephrotic syndrome might obstruct the procedure of maintaining water balance in an individual’s body. As a result of this, patients suffering from this condition are usually asked to restrict their fluid intake. To restrict fluid intake patients having nephrotic syndrome must limit the consumption of the following food items:
1 Ice cream and ice cubes 2 Pudding 3 Soup
4 Gelatin 5 Water, milk, juices, soda or any other beverage
Instead, they are advised to consume fruits like watermelon, berries and grapes for quenching thirst. Intake of salty foods must be avoided by these patients as it may result in fluid accumulation in their body; salty foods are also known to increase thirst.