Glomerulonephritis : Causes, Types, Treatment

Glomerulonephritis:-

Inflammation of glomerulus of kidney or nephron is called as Glomerulonephritis. Kidney has the minute units called nephrons . Nephrons are the structural and functional units of kidney.

The glomerulus apparatus is the part of nephron, which filters the blood.

Definition:-

Inflammation of the glomerulus is called as Glomerulonephritis.

Types:-
Chronic glomerulonephritis and
Acute glomerulonephritis

Chronic Glomerulonephritis :- is the gradual, progressive inflammation of glomeruli, causes Scarring, sclerosis and ultimately leads to kidney failure.

Acute Glomerulonephritis :- is of sudden onset in nature and healing is fast. Acute glomerulonephritis caused by bacterial infection. Impetigo and other skin diseases may cause Acute glomerulonephritis.

Causes of glomerulonephritis:-

Bacterial infection, such as streptococcus.

Underlying diseases,

Throat infection,

untreated urinary tract infection, etc..
Treatment of Glomerulonephritis:-

Antibiotics are the treatment of choice for glomerulonephritis.

Fluid and electrolyte balance, is important.

Bed rest, supplement of low protein diet. etc..

 

 

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