The following types of worms are considered suitable for worm farming:
- Red wigglers
- European Nightcrawlers
- Tiger worms
There may be other types, but common knowledge lists these as best.
How to get your worm farm going:
You will need a plastic container with a lid and a tap at the bottom (a hole with a bung will probably do too). Get a pan to place under the plastic tub to catch any run-off. You will also need wire mesh and pebbles.
Drill holes in the side of the plastic tub for circulation. Layer the bottom of the tub with pebbles, and lay the wire mesh over the pebbles to prevent the worms from falling through. Add a layer of damp newspaper to act as a bed for the worms (about 5cm thick). Add the worms together with the soil they came in.
The layers of compost material should be placed on top of the worms. They will munch their way upwards and leave their castings behind. This will leach downwards where you can collect it. The more you feed the worms, the more they will reproduce.
You can feed the worms the following:
- Tiny bits of eggshells
- Food scraps
- Damp newspaper, paper and cardboard
- Coffee grounds
- Tea bags
Never feed your worms the following:
- Citrus fruits
- Green grass cuttings
- Dairy products
These products are too acidic and contain enzymes that will kill the worms. Remember to keep your worm farm in a cool place.