Hypothyroidism is a disease that occurs in the animals and human beings. It is caused because of the inappropriate working of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is one of the biggest endocrine gland in the body of humans or animals. It is situated in the region of the neck. The thyroid gland secretes the thyroid hormone. The thyroid hormone controls the rate at which metabolism takes place. The metabolism takes place in almost every cell of the body. Thus any change in the production of the hormone can result in the disturbance in the body. The over production of the hormone results in Hyperthyroidism while the under production results in the disorder called as Hypothyroidism. Thus the functioning of the thyroid gland is of great importance.
In case of children, hypothyroidism occurs because of the deficiency of the thyroid hormone in the blood stream. The thyroid gland does not secrete the hormone in the required amount. In case of small children Hypothyroidism can have significant impact on the growth and development of the children. In case of old children and young adults, Hypothyroidism causes symptoms such as slow heart rate, chronic tiredness, mental fatigue, constipation and difficulty in learning.
Hypothyroidism can occur at any age. It can occur at the infant stage, at young age, etc. In case of treatments of hypothyroidism the body is supplied with the thyroid hormone. The synthetic thyroid hormones are manufactured in a lot amount these days. The body requirement of thyroid hormone differs according to the age of the children.
The hypothyroidism in case of children must be taken very seriously. This is because in children the prolonged deficiency of the thyroid hormone can result in permanent disorders. The deficiency must be detected and treated promptly. The problems most prominently include the mental retardation problem. This problem persists lifelong if the infant is not treated within the first two months of development.
The older the age of the child the hypothyroidism develops the less are the chances of permanent disorders. The other disorders include the development of the puffy face, short stature body, swelling, sleepy appearance, etc.