Male and Female infertility : Causes and treatment of infertility

Infertility:-

The world health organization has defined sub fertility as the inability to achieve a pregnancy after 1 year of unprotected intercourse. The term infertile strictly speaking, should not be used until it is proved that pregnancy is impossible.
Now a day most of the couples decide to start their families later in life but increasing age reduces infertility and the time available for child bearing.


Causes of male Infertility:-

* hypothalamus dysfunction
* pituitary dysfunction
* adrenals dysfunction
* thyroid dysfunction
* celiac disease
* renal failure
* diabetes mellitus
*  testicular disorders.
* trauma
* environmental causes
* defective transport
* obstruction or absence of seminal ducts.
* congenital anomalies.
* infection or metabolic disorders.
* ineffective delivery
* psychosexual problems
* physical disability


Causes of female infertility:-

* endocrine disorders.
* hypothalamus dysfunction
* pituitary dysfunction
* adrenals dysfunction
* thyroid dysfunction
* diabetes mellitus
* celiac disease
* renal failure
* obesity
* strict dieting.
* ovarian disorders
* hormonal
* ovarian tumors.
* polycystic ovary disease.
* ovarian endometriosis.

Defective transport of Ovum:

* tubal obstruction:
* infection
* previous tubal surgery.
* previous surgery.
* endometriosis.
* cervical trauma
* congenital anomaly
* cervical trauma

Defective implantation:

* hormonal imbalance
* congenital anomalies
* fibroid.

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