With metabolism (in technical terms: metabolism) the operations are called, are responsible for the exploitation, degradation and transport of nutrients. Always involved in metabolic processes are the hormones , the chemical messengers of the body. Many metabolic disorders are generally known, for example, the two types of diabetes mellitus , the diabetes. The Gout is a metabolic disease that is characterized by severe pain in the affected joints. Here, the body either does not sufficiently insulin forth, or the body does not respond to insulin . There are also many other of diabetes related metabolic disorders.
Among the metabolic disorders are the diseases of the thyroid , such as an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) or underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism). This is the thyroid too much or too little of her hormone thyroxine, and in both cases, the impaired metabolism. There are many other metabolic diseases, although not all are so “famous” like diabetes or thyroid problems. Even the cystic fibrosis , one of the most common congenital metabolic disorders, is unknown for many people. About three million German suffering from this incurable disease .
The now often discussed metabolic syndrome is not an independent metabolic disease. According to the definition of the World Health Organization WHO is the syndrome occurs when the patient suffers from diabetes, insulin resistance and impaired glucose tolerance, and also certain other criteria (high blood pressure, percentage of internal abdominal fat, etc.) are satisfied. Metabolic disorders can be congenital or acquired. Depending on the disease is treated with medication, but is almost always a change in lifestyle (more exercise, weight loss, etc.) is helpful or even necessary.