Pantothenic acid, also called vitamin B5, is an indispensable part of many processes in our body and is one of the most important nutrients for our health.
What is pantothenic acid
The Greek root of the name of pantothenic acid (Pantos = everywhere) is already information on their occurrence. Vitamin B5 is found in every living cell and it is part of the circle, closely cooperating in the metabolism, B-vitamins. Pantothenic acid consists of two components: the β-alanine and the pantoic. Since Vitamin B5 is one of the most water-soluble vitamins, it can not be stored by the body and must be fed constantly. Oxygen and light can do little of pantothenic acid. Therefore it is more sensitive to heat, so cooking about half of their share is lost. Coffee and tea lovers, must provide for an increased supply of pantothenic acid, as their efficiency is considerably reduced by these drinks.
The many functions of pantothenic acid
Pantothenic acid is an incredibly versatile vitamin. On the one hand, it has important functions in the human body, on the other hand it is also used topically in creams. Vitamin B5 is needed for the construction of coenzyme A, which in turn plays an important role in the body. It supports the heart rate, lung function and digestion. In addition, the coenzyme A is important for a functioning operation of the adrenal glands, which are responsible by the adrenal hormones in the body for stress reduction. Therefore, vitamin B5 is also often referred to as anti-stress vitamin.
Pantothenic acid is also involved in the growth and repair of cell envelopes containing fat and helps in wound healing. In this regard, also the growth and pigmentation of the hair. Through their ability to bind water, the pantothenic acid skin, hair and nails keep supple. To make the list of the functions of pantothenic acid is still far from over. Pantothenic acid breaks down fats, carbohydrates, amino acids and toxins. It promotes the immune power of the mucous membranes and helps in fighting against infections. For the formation of steroid hormones cholesterol is necessary which can only be generated with the help of vitamin B5.
Applied externally, the pantothenic acid is also very effective, so it is contained in some wound ointments. It helps with bruises and burns, as well as sunburn. Their soothing effect on the skin and promote the regeneration of tissues make the pantothenic acid links to popular ingredients of skin creams. The vitamin is also attributed to an anti-gray factor, but this effect is not yet scientifically proven.
Foods with pantothenic acid
Vitamin B5 is in almost all foods available in small quantities. Particularly good sources are legumes, whole grains, poultry, organ meats, peanuts, mushrooms, eggs, milk, rice, vegetables and fruit is in high concentrations it is also in royal jelly, the jelly for queen bees, which is available as a drug in pharmacies. The daily requirement is at 6 mg and is usually covered by a normal diet. An increased demand have usually only pregnant women and nursing mothers.
Causes and symptoms of a deficiency
Vitamin B5 deficiency is rare, since the vitamin is present in a large number of foods. Problems may, however, if you are mainly of frozen and canned products fed. Only fresh food provides the full vitamin content. A deficiency can otherwise only be produced by intestinal disease, or alcohol dependence. Also, diabetics and bulimia addicts are at risk of deficiency disease. This is usually not lacking in the vitamin B5 alone, but also of other vitamins of the B group. In appearance, shortages due to fatigue, insomnia and forgetfulness. Also, poor wound healing, stomach pain and aching muscles can occur. After three to four months appears to lack the feeling of burning feet. Hair and skin changes can also be performed on a lack of pantothenic back.