Personality is the character traits of a person. Many studies have been done to categorize the different types of personalities and to explain why a person reacts and how. The most famous would be Sigmund Freud. Mr. Freud came up with three major components of a person’s personality: ID, Ego, and SuperEgo.ID is the unconscious, primitive part of the personality that has more primitive desires and impulses and wants to act without thought.
Ego is You. It decides what to do and when to do it, depending on all the positives and negatives associated.
SuperEgo is the opposite of ID. This part of the personality is concentrated more on values and morals and is more civilized in its desires. There are two parts of the SuperEgo: Conscience and Ego Ideal. Conscience learns from all the punishments and warnings. Ego Ideal learns from praise and rewards.
For example: You’re shopping at the mall and walk by a display of chocolate chip cookies at a cookie stand. Your animalistic urge (ID) is telling you: Get that. You’re hungry. But then SuperEgo is telling you: No. You should eat something healthier. So then you (Ego) decide either to get the cookies or not. Maybe you decide to get a salad and then have a cookie for dessert.
There are other ways Personalities are categorized. For example you’re either a Type A or Type B.
- Type A people are driven, focused, goal-oriented, impatient, and gets to the point.
- Type B people are laid-back, relaxed, easy-going, and meanders.
Another way is if you are an Introvert or an Extrovert. Introverts are people who thinks first then act. They hate crowds and enjoy being alone. Extroverts are those who act first then think. They like being around crowds and think that being alone is lonely.
Another way Personalities are differentiated is into four groups: Driver, Analytical, Expressive, and Amiable.
- Drivers are those who are assertive, wants fast results, aggressive, and direct. More like Type A people.
- Analyticals are those who are slow to act because they want all the facts and are planners.
- Expressives are those who use big gestures when speaking, changes conversation topics frequently and enthusiastic.
- Amiables are those who shows feelings and emotions and are more responsive to the feelings and environments of others.
From reading this you may think “Oh, I’m Type A, or I’m a Driver but also Expressive. Everyone does not fit into just one category. You just have a dominant personality and to a lessor extent other types. For example I am mostly an Analytical, but in certain situations I am also an Expressive.