The typical symptoms of influenza characterize the pneumonia, which delayed the diagnosis and worsen the disease. All about the pneumonia, they learn here
As pneumonia or pneumonia an inflammation of the lung tissue is known. These can be acute or chronic. To infection often occurs by inhalation of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses or fungi. However, bacteria that are swept under any other inflammation in the body to the lungs can cause pneumonia. By the inhalation of toxic substances or foreign bodies in general, can also be triggered pneumonia, as indicated by an allergic reaction (eg molds).
Typically pneumonia begins with sudden coughing, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, high fever, chills, purulent sputum, chest pain and general ill feeling heavy. Some pathogens cause a so-called atypical pneumonia, which is characterized by a less severe disease. This, however, the diagnosis is often delayed. Characteristics of atypical pneumonia are a slow start, with a slightly elevated temperature, cough, malaise and a slight head or muscle aches.
Particularly at risk of developing pneumonia, are people who are older than 65 years, smokers, alcoholics, the chronically ill children, people with weakened immune systems, asthmatics, diabetics and bedridden people, due to the shallow breathing and disabled.
Diagnosis and treatment
Pneumonia is found next to the description in symptoms by the patient, by listening or a chest x-ray. In addition, can provide the examination of blood and mucus ejected evidence of pathogens and control the treatment be initiated. The pneumonia is always treated with antibiotics. Is the disease caused by pneumococcus, is usually administered penicillin. In atypical pneumonia, treatment is usually carried by so-called macrolides in combination with antibiotics.
In general, is popular with pneumonia conservation and bed rest. It should also be taken that much fluid is supplied, as it liquefies the secretions that can be coughed up any better. In chronic inflammation often also a breathing exercise therapy is prescribed. If there is a severe lung inflammation characterized by increased respiratory rate, reduced oxygen pressure in the blood and circulatory symptoms before, it must be in-patient treatment in hospital.