When we think of deadly and dangerous animals we all come to mind the shark, the tiger or the snake . However, the most deadly animal produces each year is the mosquito. To prevent tropical diseases transmitted by this little insect Scutum Project has developed a smart fabric that significantly reduces the number of mosquito bites and therefore can save thousands of lives in the Third World.
The project’s objective was clear: avoid being bitten by the mosquitoes which transmit deadly diseases like malaria, to reduce the number of deaths. And they have succeeded. As reported from Innovatec a Very Interesting, has tested the product in India and the results have been satisfactory in 80 percent of cases. As explained by the creators of the tissue, “the clothes would be made of microencapsulated fabrics, so naturally would avoid mosquito bites.” Sheets, pajamas, shirts, etc. Function as a shield against biting, for example, Anopheles gambiae, which transmits the dreaded and deadly malaria.
There are other methods to prevent bites , but the differentiating factor is its no toxicity Scutum, be simple and easily transportable. Furthermore, the fixation technique used by researchers, allows more than 40 washes without the material to lose effectiveness. Have so far been developed for bed linen, as most mosquitoes bite at night while their victims sleep, but in the future “aims to broaden the range of products offered, reaching the traditional dress of Indian culture, as salwars, Kameezes, sarees, etc.
Microencapsulation involves wrapping small portions of a material into another. This method is often used when looking for certain active ingredients gradually release and extend the useful life. The microcapsules are formed of a membrane and a nucleus that contains the item (active) who want to be released gradually.
So far the microencapsulated has been used in detergenes, perfumes, dyes, etc.. Scutum The project has used various methods of microencapsulation investigated to develop the textile, non-toxic insecticides incorporating that are released slowly and avoid the bite of the mosquito that transmits malaria.
The goal: to save lives
The textile development carried out, of course, also be used in developed countries, although the ultimate goal is only to avoid a small swelling on the skin. However, as explained from the project, “The benefit of this global marketing could be used to promote the use of clothes treated in the most disadvantaged.