The first step in preventing contact with an individual’s allergens, the substances to which the person is allergic, is to figure out what they are. According to some experts, there are times that common sense will tell a person what is causing his or her allergies. This is because there are instances wherein a patient will say that whenever he is around a cat or he touches a cat, sneezing occurs, his eyes itch and water, or he develops asthma, or he gets hives.

Alternatively, there are people who will tell their doctor that whenever they eat anything with soy in it, she gets an immediate reaction. Usually, within 30 minutes she is having stomach upset and diarrhea. So, sometimes a person just knows his allergy.

On the other hand, maybe people do not really know the cause. For example, inside a house, there may be feathers, pets, and house dust, and a person could be allergic to any one of those or to all three. That is when an allergy test can yield a lot of useful information.

Basically, an allergy is an intense reaction of the body to a matter, more commonly known as allergen, which acts as invader. To recognize and capture these villains, the immune system first assembles a vigilante committee of antibodies that gang up on the invaders. Then it gathers a mob of inflammatory substances (like histamines) that try to do away with the evil intruders.

If a person is having persistent allergic symptoms, but he cannot isolate the allergen, it is a good idea to see an allergist, get tested, and find out what allergens are.

If you get a skin test, a tiny bit of allergen is put on a person’s skin, and the doctor sees whether there is a reaction or none. On the other hand, an individual can also get a blood test called the Radioallergosorbent test or RAST. This test is less sensitive, but on the other hand, people do not have to put up with the skin reaction that they get from the skin test.

Consequently, once they have the results of the test, they can plan a well-targeted strategy for prevention. Better yet, people should be more knowledgeable on the things that contribute to allergies. This is one effective way of snagging the villains.

Hence, to know more on the common contributors to allergies, here is a list of the villains that trigger a person’s allergy attack.

1. Airborne substances

One of the most common contributors to a person’s allergies is the airborne substances. These are substances that are carried through the air.

Dust mites are one of the most well recognized sources of allergies. These microscopic, spider-like animals are so plentiful that the population in one gram of dust, about 1/33 of an ounce, can be in the thousands. In addition, many people are allergic to them.

Dust mites like to hang out in bedding, carpeting, and upholstered furniture, feasting on leftover skin scales shed by people. There, they chow down and defecate.

Mold is another popular airborne contributor of allergies. Wherever it is found, in the refrigerator, foyer, bathroom cracks, etc., mold launches tiny reproductive spores that dance on the air right into your nostrils. In addition, those spores can cause an allergic reaction in many people.

2. Food allergens

These foods have substances that trigger an allergy attack in a person like eggs, milk, fish, shrimps, etc. However, there are some instances wherein people are often confused with food allergies and food intolerance. That is why it is important to determine the difference between the two.

3. Others

There are also other matters that trigger an allergy attack like medications, insect stings and bites, chemicals, etc.

All of these things should be noted well by people who have allergic reactions to any of these substances so that they will know when to avoid it and they will not find it hard to find an immediate remedy to the allergy.

In any case, knowing once and for all whether a person has an allergy or not, and what causes the allergy is the first step toward prevention. As they, prevention is better than cure.

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