Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism is a disease caused in human beings and animals by the inefficient production of thyroid hormone secreted by thyroid glands. The thyroid gland is the biggest endocrine gland in the body of the animals and humans. This gland is situated below the Adam’s apple in the neck region. Thyroid gland is one of the vital glands in the body. This is because it controls the rate at which energy is burnt, which in turn results in the formation of proteins. It also decides the responsiveness of the body to the other hormones.
A lot of data ser is present that can suspect Hypothyroidism. The deficiency in iodine in the blood can result in the Hypothyroidism. Unlike the other natural elements that are required for the growth of human body Iodine is also one of the essential elements of the body. Although it is required in a very small quantity it is definitely necessary for the growth of the human beings. Though required in a small quantity its absence or deficiency cannot be tolerated. That can lead to a serious disorder like Goiter. The other causes are the lack of the thyroid gland. It can also result due to the deficiency of the hormones from the hypothalamus or the pituitary. In the case of dogs the thyroid disorder can be hereditary.
There are mainly three types of hypothyroidism. They are mainly the primary hypothyroidism, the secondary hypothyroidism and the third is the tertiary hypothyroidism. They are basically related to the organ from where it originates. The origin of primary Hypothyroidism is in the thyroid gland, The origin of secondary Hypothyroidism is in the pituitary gland and the tertiary hypothyroidism has its origin in the Hypothalamus.
Hypothyroidism is considered as hereditary. If in case the pregnant lady suffering from Hypothyroidism gives rise to a child then in that case the child also suffers from the same disorder.
When it comes to the diagnosis of hypothyroidism they test the amount of thyroid stimulating hormone in the body of the hypothyroid patient. The treatment of this disease is done by taking the synthetic thyroid supplement to replace the missing hormone.