Addison’s disease is defined as a disorder which stops our adrenal gland from producing adequate amount of hormones. Adrenal glands are located above the kidneys secreting hormones responsible for maintaining our blood sugar levels, suppressing our immune system, helping our body in responding to stress, regulating potassium and sodium levels in our system and affecting our sexual development. Lack of production of the hormones of adrenal gland thus can result in occurrence of several symptoms. Below, we have discussed about the most common signs of Addison’s disease.
Addison’s diseaseAddison’s disease often results in hypotension or low blood pressure. Decrease in blood pressure levels takes place because the adrenal glands of people with Addison’s disease fail to produce hormones responsible for regulating levels of salt in bloodstream. Hypotension is marked by signs like faintness, lightheadedness and dizziness. If treated in the right procedure, low blood pressure caused by Addison’s disease gets cured successfully.
Change in the heart rate is another common sign of Addison’s disease. This happens due to increased potassium levels in bloodstream, a condition medically referred to as hyperkalemia. Increase in levels of potassium occurs as a result on shortage of the hormone responsible for controlling potassium production in human body. The changes in heart rate are commonly accompanied with chest pain and lightheadedness.
Skin Darkness: Addison’s disease patients might experience darkening of skin. This happens due to production of a hormone from the patient’s pituitary gland; the hormone is responsible for increasing the secretion of cortisol, a hormone produced by the adrenal gland. Increased levels of cortisol results in abnormal skin pigmentation. In severe cases, skin pigmentation in Addison’s disease patient might be permanent. However, skin pigmentation occurring in mild cases of the disease is often resolved effectively.