Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Acquired Brain Injury

Brain Injury: Introduction. According to the Brain Injury Association of America, more than 1.5 million Americans suffer brain injuries each year; of these, roughly 50,000 die and 80,000 are left permanently disabled. These disabilities are physical, cognitive, behavioral, and emotional. Those victims who survive brain injury and who are not left permanently disabled need, on average, five to 10 years of rehabilitation before they can lead normal lives.

Картинки по запросу Traumatic Brain InjuryIf you have suffered a brain injury, it is in your best interest to speak to a personal injury attorney. A personal injury lawyer can explain your rights and help you obtain the compensation to which you and your family are rightfully entitled.

Understanding Brain Injury

A normal brain sends messages via nerves to all parts of the body, signaling them to carry out their functions. These functions include everything from regulating breathing, heart rate, body temperature and metabolism to facilitating cognitive thought, vision, hearing, sense of smell, and the sensation of touch. Every section of the brain has its own tasks; if a section is injured, the entire system can be thrown off.

Картинки по запросу Traumatic Brain InjuryWhen a brain is injured, it cannot adequately carry out all functions as it did before. Nerves and neurons may not be able to deliver their messages, thereby affecting speech, bodily movement, thought processes, personality, and internal functions, such as blood pressure and bladder control. Such injury is called a brain injury.

There are two types of brain injury: traumatic brain injury (TBI) and acquired brain injury. Both can have devastating, permanent effects and can even cause death.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by an external force, usually in the form of a blow to the head. Car accidents, firearm accidents, brawls, slip and fall accidents, and sports such as skiing are some of the most common causes of traumatic brain injury, as are incidents in which the brain is shaken violently inside or ricocheted off the skull (such in the case of Shaken Baby Syndrome and some high-speed car accidents). Diffuse Axonal injury, concussion, contusion, Coup-Contrecoup Injury, Second Impact Syndrome, and penetration injury also fall under traumatic brain injury. Sometimes, the outside force is so strong that it breaks the skull, which can dig into and subsequently injure the brain.

Symptoms of traumatic brain injury include :

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