The consumption of alcohol by youth and adolescents has become common in Mexico, without taking into account the damage that abuse of these causes.
It is not uncommon to hear talks between friends, increasingly early ages, experiences at parties, clubs and “drunkenness”, the type of beverages that usually eat, quantities, and ridiculous anecdotes of those who were actors or witnesses . Beyond judge this type of “fun”, there is information that is important to note, especially about the impact this lifestyle could bring.
Youth and Alcohol, a concern for the government
The National Council Against Addictions in Mexico considers it important to revisit the issue of alcohol abuse and alcoholism, not only as a public health problem, but be cause of death worldwide, with a figure of 2 million 500 thousand deaths year, among them 300 thousand young people between 15 and 29. The Fifth National Survey of Addictions (ENA 2008), conducted in 2008, dismissed that while the Mexican population of 1000 only 8 people drink daily, the typical consumption of 26 million 828 thousand 893 Mexicans between 12 and 65 is drinking large amounts by consumption occasion, although this is not very common. However, nearly 4 million are considered heavy drinkers, ie, follow this pattern once a week or more often.
Measures against harmful drinking
Against this the authorities seek to promote programs to prevent alcohol consumption by children and young people, an interest that led to convene in August 2011 to 90 representatives of various institutions to form a committee to follow up to the commitments set by institutions in the Program against Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse, part of the accession of Mexico to the proposal made by the World Health Organization. This proposal, named Global Strategy to Reduce Harmful Alcohol Consumption is the WHO’s response to the positioning of alcohol as third among the major risk factors for ill health in the world, besides being one of the four risk factors for noncommunicable diseases. The strategy seeks to improve health and social outcomes for both individuals and families and communities with reduced morbidity and mortality, and social consequences of harmful use of alcohol.
Youth, alcohol and parties
These proposals are relevant and urgent, especially as the ENA 2008 showed that the age group with higher levels of customary alcohol consumption is 18 to 29 years in both men and women. Also in this age group has the highest consumption of beer, spirits, wine and mixed drinks, which explains the increase in both calls “Chelerías” as clandestine dens, as well as the diversity and innovation in the preparation of beverages and intake modes.
Among the preparations that have become daily, are the shots , drink small glasses of alcohol in pure form or in some combinations, which are eaten at once. Variants of this drink are the jelly shots, gels prepared with one part water and one of alcohol, often to serve them in small glasses of wine tasting. Also prevalent popular combination of alcohol with energy drinks that are interesting to disguise the suppressive effects of alcohol, although the Federal Commission for Sanitary Risks Prevention indicates that the level of alcohol and its harmful effects do not diminish.
But even more worrying is the trend that emerged in European countries but is also practiced in the U.S. and Latin America: Eyeballing vodka , which has caused concern from various sectors, as in her youth, “eaten” shots of vodka or other drink for the eyes, either to try new sensations or avoid alcoholic breath, but is primarily associated with a direct passage of alcohol into the bloodstream, the liver evade the filter. This is also obtained by other similar practice, not widespread, but that is alcohol-soaked tampons are inserted into the vagina or rectum, with the same effect.
Effects of alcohol on young
Both the practice of vodka Eyeballing as combining energy drinks with alcohol, bring immediate consequences, such as inflammation and infection of the cornea, eye pain and even permanent vision loss in the first case, and anxiety, insomnia, heart rate or binge intoxication in the case of the latter. In both cases, the consequences are not warned prior to consumption, as well as the risks of alcohol congestion in case of not knowing the body’s resistance to alcohol, or being involved in any accident caused by drunk driving leading cause of death in Mexican youth.
Unfortunately there are more stories or articles with a vague idea of fun through the consumption of alcoholic beverages, which come into the hands of young and often complemented by social pressure and personal context, resulting in skills or unhealthy practices that can be fatal. You can not generalize stigmatize or alcohol among young people as an irrational practice, but the figures remain alarming.
Rather than denying access to young people to alcoholic beverages, it’s about creating awareness of your body and the intake of these as a complement, not a vehicle for fun, as well as lead them to know their limits, but especially their feelings avoid approaching the alcohol as a means to compensate for their lack of affection or of any kind. Also, keep communication and updates on new practices among young people can prevent the desire to experiment has bad consequences.