Prostate cancer treatment: surgery

Prostate cancer treatment:

Prostate cancer is the most commonly seen cancer in the old men.  Most of prostate cancer are treated with surgery and prostate surgery has made easy the life of patients . Most of the men with cancer can live normal life and don’t show symptoms for entire life span. Studies have shown that most of the men live normally even with prostate cancer but of mild in nature.

Prostate surgery is done to remove the prostate or cancer cells of prostate. surgery may be done to remove and test lymph nodes in surrounding area and  to visualize  if  the cancer has spread to surrounding tissues. Prostate surgery is done to correct urinary problems that are because of  tumor pressing on the urethra.

Prostate surgery is done on the basis of stage of prostate cancer, age of person, and general health of that person. Treatment for prostate cancer is surgery.

Prostate cancer surgery choices are:-

  • Radical prostatectomy : is a surgical procedure to remove whole prostate and surrounding tissue having cancer cells. It is an open surgery  in which large incision is made in lower abdomen.
  • Laparoscopic surgery is done passing a tiny camera inside the cavity and special instruments to remove the cancer prostate.  lymph nodes around the prostate are also removed as they have signs of cancer and may spread to other parts of the body. Sampling of lymph nodes is called as lymph node biopsy. Laparoscopic surgery has become the famous treatment for prostate cancer.
  • Removal of prostate can cause erection problems and urinary bladder problems. but after prostate surgery most of men get relief from these problems.
  • Complete relief from symptoms of prostate cancer is possible with prostate cancer surgery. Treatment of prostate cancer or cure is effectively possible with surgery and medical treatment of prostate cancer may just relieve the symptoms.

Surgery : Need, Surgical View , Tips

Surgery

Surgery is the term used for operations conducted with surgical instruments and incision.

When disorders are not cured with medicine, some disorders need surgical repair. So surgery has a significant role in saving life of patient.

More than 15 million people undergo surgery in US.

Why is surgery done?

  • To relieve pain ,
  • To correct the disorder,
  • To restore the health,
  • To diagnose the disease,
  • To reduce the symptom,
  • To improve body function,
  • To save the life.

Previous days all surgeries are conducted with incision. The technological improvements have led to Laser surgery, without incision.
Some surgeries which are conducted using large incisions have become small incision surgeries.

As the surgery is a incision procedure, the pain is obvious with surgery. Due to use of Anesthesia the pain is completely or partially absent at the time of procedure. but after surgery the pain is present to some extent. Analgesics will relieve the pain.

The blood loss is common with most of surgeries. Infection may occur along with surgery if proper asepsis is not taken.

Tips to The Doctor

Explain the procedure in brief to patient before surgery.

Asepsis should be maintained strictly to avoid infection.

Review all the steps before surgery to avoid mistakes or confusion.

Check and confirm all vital signs of victim are right during surgery.

After care of patient is also important.

Tips to the patients

Don’t panic about the procedure.

Ask your doubts to doctors, and be relaxed.

Follow the instruction given by doctor.

Maintain hygiene after surgery, and take all measures to avoid infection.

Adjust to the conditions after surgery for some days.

Take medications and food as per doctor’s instructions.

Tongue cancer treatment

Tongue cancer treatment

Tongue cancer is treated as per severity of cancer. The early detection of cancer of tongue cancer helps in treating it effectively.

The treatment options

  1. Surgery,
  2. Chemotherapy and
  3. Radiation therapy.

Surgery is done for very small tongue cancer.

If whole tongue has got cancer, removal of tongue by surgery is the option.

When the cancer has spread to lymph nodes in the neck, the part of tongue affected and the lymph nodes are removed. Radiation is used as a combination with surgery.

Radiation therapy is used along with surgeries in some cases of tongue cancer.

Problems occur with eating,  speaking and drinking with tongue cancer surgeries and treatment.

Appendicitis during pregnancy and Management

Appendicitis during pregnancy

Appendicitis during pregnancy

One in thousand pregnancies will get appendicitis. Even appendicitis is not difficult to treat in non pregnant state, appendicitis in pregnancy is difficult to manage.

The appendicitis pain is not felt at the exact region  and is difficult to diagnose during pregnancy.

Due to uterus distension, the colon and small bowel is displaced.  The uterine contraction prevents the abscess formation.

So nearly in 20 % pregnant mothers, Appendix is ruptured and causes peritonitis.

Delayed care may lead to pre-mature  labor  or Abortion.

In pregnancy, early appendectomy is indicated.

If appendicitis is diagnosed near term, or labor, Extraperitoneal Caesarean section and appendectomy to be done in order to prevent Peritonitis.

Therapeutic abortion is never indicated for appendicitis during pregnancy.

Tansabdominal drains are placed of needed after surgery.

Early detection of appendicitis during pregnancy helps in preventing complications.

Vasectomy: Side Effects, Complications & Facts

Vasectomy
  • Vasectomy side effects are rare as the modern health system have made the procedure easy and safe. Some complications occur but not life threatening and need medical attention to prevent and treat vasectomy side effects and complications.
  • Vasectomy is an effective way of contraception and is the most accepted and effective way of birth control all over the world. vasectomy side effects are not life threatening. The side effects are mild in most cases and similar to all surgical procedures. Only in rare cases the side effects and complications of vasectomy arise.
  • Pain : pain after surgery is the common side effect of vasectomy. discomfort may also be present for a week. Mild analgesics are given to treat pain as vasectomy side effects. Some men experience chronic pain.
  • Infection : infection and inflammation at the site of surgery is common. Redness, bruising and swelling are common as vasectomy side effects. Increased temperature should be treated with antipyretics.
  • Granuloma (benign lump)  is the non cancerous lump that develop in some men as a result of leakage from the cut end of the vas deference from the site of production of fertilizing fluids. The lump is painful, sensitive to touch  and is not a common vasectomy side effects.
  • Reversal of the vasectomy is needed in some cases of granuloma.

Epididymitis

 inflammation at the site of  vasectomy leads to swelling of the epididymis it is called as Epididymitis. Epididymis is the coiled tube that connects the efferent ducts from  fertilizing fluid producing site to its vas deferens.

Abscesses at the site of incision of vasectomy is the complication and included in vasectomy side effects.

vasectomy side effects may include development of cancer in very rare cases.  men who undergoe vasectomy surgeries need not worry about vasectomy side effects and are very mild and subsides in some days or week. Medications and adequate treatment helps in reducing the complications of vasectomy.

Health care tips and facts about vasectomy

  • Patient should get adequate information about health care after surgery.
  • Exercises should be avoided for some weeks after surgery or vasectomy.
  • cost of vasectomy is different in different hospitals.
  • Many researches have shown that very less side effects with vasectomy.
  • Patient who undergoes surgery can perform normal life as previous.
  • Vasectomy risks are very less and men should not worry about risks of vasectomy.
  • Do meditation to relieve mental risks.
  • no need to have any fear of the surgery complications.

Prostate cancer surgery, Treatment for prostate cancer

Prostate cancer surgery

Prostate cancer is most commonly seen cancer in the older men. Most of Prostate cancer are treated with surgery and prostate suregery has made easy the life of patients with prostate cancer. Most of the men with cancer can live normal life and doesn’t show any symptoms for entire life span. Studies have shown that most of men live normally even with prostate cancer but of mild in nature.

Prostate surgery is done to remove the prostate or cancer cells of prostate. surgery may be done to remove and test lymph nodes in surrounding area and  to visualize  if  the cancer has spread to surrounding tissues. Prostate surgery is done to correct urinary problems that are because of  tumor pressing on the urethra.

Prostate surgery is done on the basis of stage of prostate cancer, age of person, and general health of man. Treatment for prostate cancer is surgery.

Prostate cancer surgery choices are

Radical prostatectomy : is a surgical procedure to remove whole prostate and surrounding tissue have cancer cells. It is an open surgery, in which large incision is made in lower abdomen or laporoscopic surgery is done with small incisions.

Laparoscopic surgery is done passing a tiny camera inside the cavity and special instruments to remove the cancer prostate.  lymph nodes around the prostate are also removed as they have signs of cancer and spreads to other parts of body. Sampling of lympnodes is calles as lymph node biopsy. Laparoscopic surgery has become the important Treatment for prostate cancer.

Removal of prostate can cause erection problems and urinary bladder problems. but after proatate surgery most of men get relief from these problems.

Surgery may completely remove the prostate cancer or surrounding tissues also on the basis of cancer has spread beyond the prostate or not. Complete relief from symptoms of prostate cancer is possible with prostate cancer surgery. Treatment of Prostate cancer or cure is effectively possible with surgery and medical treatment of prostate cancer may just relieve the symptoms.

Cesarean section: indications, care after delivery

  • esarean section is the procedure of delivery of baby through an incision made in the lower abdominal wall. A small incision is made as the baby can be taken out and after baby is born the walls are repaired using stitches. The baby birth after cesarean section is called as cesarean delivery.
  • Cesarean delivery is the surgical procedure used to expel the baby from the mother’s womb when normal birth canal delivery is not possible. Cesarean section is the surgical form of child birth.
  • Cesarean section recovery takes some weeks. Effective post operative care of mother helps in easy recovery after cesarean section. Care after cesarean section includes immediate care after cesarean section, and care given for a period of week.
  • Bleeding after cesarean is the common complication and nurse plays a major role in identifying bleeding after cesarean section.


Indications of cesarean delivery

Cesarean section is indicated when normal  delivery through birth canal might cause damage to the mother or baby. Reasons for cesarean delivery are as follows.

  • High risk pregnancy
  • presence of pelvic mass
  • prolonged labor
  • shoulder dystocia
  • apparent fetal distress
  • apparent maternal distress
  • pre eclampsia and hypertensive disorders,
  • pelvic contractions,
  • pelvic carcinoma,
  • cephalopelvic disproportions,
  • multiple pregnancy
  • malpresentation suc has breech presentation
  • failed induction  of labor
  • Macrosomia or large baby,
  • placenta previa, placenta abruptio,
  • umbilical cord abnormalities etc.
  • sexually transmitted diseases like genital herpes
  • history of previous cesarean section

care after cesarean delivery

  • Administration of intravenous fluid is important.
  • Inject methargin 2 mg IM route to stop bleeding.
  • Oxytocin drip may be administered to make the uterus to contract and stop bleeding
  • Monitor vital signs,
  • Administer sedatives such as Diazepam.