Diabetes has affected the millions of people world wide. The main types of diabetes are type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Both types of diabetes have the same diabetes symptoms. The main symptom of diabetes is imbalanced blood sugar level. Hyperglycemia is the main diabetes symptoms and others are as follows. The diabetes symptoms are because of poor insulin production or insulin resistance by the peripheral tissues.
Type 1 Diabetes symptoms
In type 1 diabetes, pancreas is unable to produce sufficient insulin due to autoimmune disorder or viral damage of pancreas. The insulin has the function of converting excess glucose in the blood into glycogen. The decreased insulin level in the body fails to convert glucose into glycogen, and leads to hyperglycemia, is the main diabetes symptoms. when glucose level is less in the body, the fat is broken down excess to produce energy. This leads to formation of ketone bodies. Excess ketone bodies causes ketoacidosis is another symptoms of diabetes. Dehydration is seen due to electrolyte disturbance. Severe hyperglycemia may lead to coma and death.
Type 2 Diabetes symptoms
Increase in urine production and eliminating excess urine is an important diabetes symptoms. Polyuria leads to dehydration because both sugar and a large amount of water from body is also excreted out.
The person feels frequently drinking water. The increased glucose in blood stimulates central nervous system to provoke thirst.
The hormone insulin has a role of stimulating hunger. when blood sugar level is high in blood, body produces insulin to maintain homeostasis, this leads to increased hunger by a diabetes patient. Polyphagia is the common one among diabetes symptoms.
When there is no adequate glucose supply to the cells, stored fat of body is metabolized to gain energy. When fat is broken down in the body, excess calorie is burned and it leads to fatigue.
The diabetes symptoms such as glycosuria, polyphagia, polyuria, and excess fat metabolism in body leads to weight loss. Some individuals will gain weight because of increased appetite.
Hyperosmolar hyperglycemia nonketotic syndrome occurs when body fluid is pulled out of tissues. Due to hyperglycemia the fluid inside eye lenses is also pulled out, and weak ability of lens to focus, results in blurred vision.
The inadequate blood supply to peripheral parts of the body causes peripheral neuritis, characterized by itching and burning pain in sole, etc..
Poor wound healing
Increased blood sugar resists the well development of WBC, (white blood cell) which provides immunity to our body. When WBC cells do not function effectively, wound healing is failed or becomes poor. Another cause of poor wound healing is thickened blood vessels because of prolonged untreated diabetes. This diabetes symptoms may lead to gangrene formation of infected wound.
These are the main diabetes symptoms. The diabetes symptoms should be treated before the disease becomes complicated.