Glomerulonephritis: Causes, Types, Treatment

Glomerulonephritis

Inflammation of glomerulus of kidney or nephron is called as Glomerulonephritis. Kidney has the minute units called nephrons . Nephrons are the structural and functional units of kidney.

The glomerulus apparatus is the part of nephron, which filters the blood.

Definition

Inflammation of the glomerulus is called as Glomerulonephritis.

Types

  • Chronic glomerulonephritis and
  • Acute glomerulonephritis

Chronic Glomerulonephritis :- is the gradual, progressive inflammation of glomeruli, causes Scarring, sclerosis and ultimately leads to kidney failure.

Acute Glomerulonephritis :- is of sudden onset in nature and healing is fast. Acute glomerulonephritis caused by bacterial infection. Impetigo and other skin diseases may cause Acute glomerulonephritis.

Causes of glomerulonephritis

  • Bacterial infection, such as streptococcus.
  • Underlying diseases,
  • Throat infection,
  • untreated urinary tract infection, etc..

Treatment of Glomerulonephritis

  • Antibiotics are the treatment of choice for glomerulonephritis.
  • Fluid and electrolyte balance, is important.
  • Bed rest, supplement of low protein diet. etc..

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