Glomerulonephritis: Causes, Types, Treatment



Inflammation of glomerulus of kidney or nephron is called as Glomerulonephritis. Kidney has the minute units called nephrons . Nephrons are the structural and functional units of kidney.

The glomerulus apparatus is the part of nephron, which filters the blood.


Inflammation of the glomerulus is called as Glomerulonephritis.


  • Chronic glomerulonephritis and
  • Acute glomerulonephritis

Chronic Glomerulonephritis :- is the gradual, progressive inflammation of glomeruli, causes Scarring, sclerosis and ultimately leads to kidney failure.

Acute Glomerulonephritis :- is of sudden onset in nature and healing is fast. Acute glomerulonephritis caused by bacterial infection. Impetigo and other skin diseases may cause Acute glomerulonephritis.

Causes of glomerulonephritis

  • Bacterial infection, such as streptococcus.
  • Underlying diseases,
  • Throat infection,
  • untreated urinary tract infection, etc..

Treatment of Glomerulonephritis

  • Antibiotics are the treatment of choice for glomerulonephritis.
  • Fluid and electrolyte balance, is important.
  • Bed rest, supplement of low protein diet. etc..

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