Heart burn : causes, symptoms, treatment

Heart burn

Burning sensation in the esophagus, behind the sternum, is called as heart burn. Heart burn is mainly caused due to regurgitation of gastric acid. The painful, burning sensation in the chest, or throat is known as heart burn.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), causes prolonged heart burn for more than two weeks. Lower end of esophagus is not closed in case of GERD. This esophageal opening leads gastric acid to come back into esophagus and causes Heart burn.

Causes of Heart burn

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease,
  • Pregnancy,
  • Some medications,
  • Alcohol,
  • Certain foods

Treatment for Heart Burn

Treatment for Heart burn is very important. If not treated Heart burn causes esophageal damage.

Prescription medications are better for heart burn treatment. Surgery is also preferred in some cases. 

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