Urinary incontinence is the uncontrolled, involuntary leakage of urine from the bladder. The bladder has a contractive muscles called detrusor muscles. These muscles contraction leads to induce the urinary urge. The abnormality of bladder due to aging or other disease leads to invonluntary leakage of urine form the bladder.
Causes of urinary incontinence
Anatomical or physiological factors which alters the urinary bladder causes Urinary incontinence.
Aging : The weakening of bladder associated with aging leads to urinary incontinence in some old age people and never all.
Injury to spinal cord : Neural damage to spinal cord loses the ability to control neural impulses which pases to bladder. This loss of neurological controle to urinary bladder leads to urinary incontinence.
Menopause and weakned pelvic muscles in women may cause Urinary incontinence.
prostate surgery : in the males leads to urinary incontinence.
Caffeine, or medications, such as cold medications also causes temporary urinary incontinence.
Urinary Incontinence in oldage
Incontinence or Urinary incontinence is common in oldage people. Due to aging process urinary bladder loses it’s capacity to regulate contraction and relaxation of bladder. This abnormality leads to leakage of urine.
Inability to controle urinary urge, i.e. the person can’t hold the urine untill he reach to toilet, is also termed as Urinary incontinence. Urinary incontinence troubles lot in the night.
Urinary incontinence in women
Usually the normal individuals can hold the urine 3 to 4 hours. while the bladder loses it’s ability to controle, the urine starts to leak involuntarily. Womens are more sufferers from urinary incontinence, as they undergo changes such as aging, child bearing, menopause, etc. These physiological changes in women leads to urinary bladder weakness or bladder abnormality. so womens are more prone to have urinary incontinence after the age of 45 years. Most of the womens neglect the urinary incontinence and won’t get treatment at all. Only some womens go for treatment.
Types of urinary incontinence
Stress incontinence : Increased abdominal pressure, over stress associated with phobia, and loss of urine during physical activity are related to stress incontinence.
Overflow incontinence : Constant dribbling of urine occures and bladder is not emptied fully.
Urge incontinence : When the bladder fills beyond the limit, the urine starts to leak and there is urgent need to void invontarily is called overflow incontinence.
Acute and Temporary urinary incontinence is caused by
- Child birth,
- Urinary tract infection
- Post surgical days
- Panic or phobias
- Medication side effect
- Limited mobility
Chronic incontinence is caused byBladder muscle weaknessBlocked urethra ( due to BPH – benign prostatic hyperplasia)Neurological disorderBirth defectsWeakness of pelvic flore musclesInjury to brain or spinal cordUrethral prolapse
Don’t neglect the urinary incontinence and get the proper pharmacological treatment.