Artificial process of starting labour or stimulation of child delivery using medicines is called as Labor induction. Labour induction is done when labor is not started normally and the birth of baby has to be taken place in order to save life of both mother and baby.
Need for Labour induction
- Post dated delivery more than two weeks, If labor is not induced the baby becomes large and it becomes a fatal condition.
- When no uterine contractions started after rupture of membranes,
- Maternal increased blood pressure or Eclampsia, or preeclampsia,
- Infection of uterus and birth canal,
- Pregnancy with Diabetes,
- Less amniotic fluid around the baby.
In all these conditions labor induction is done by the doctor or obstetrician.
Procedure of Labor induction
Labor can be induced by different methods. Before induction of labor, the cervix is checked for softness or any dilation of cervix. If cervix is not open a medicine is placed in the cervix region. The medicine helps in softening and opening of cervix.
Rupture of amniotic sac is also done with the finger or with the help of amnihook and it also starts Labor. In some cases labor does not start even after the water comes out from the amniotic sac. The rupture of membranes may cause infection if proper hygienic methods are not taken. Keen observation is done to take any measures to conduct delivery of the baby.
Oxytocin is the medicine given to induce the labor. Usually the medicine oxytocin is given through intravenous ( I V ) route. Strong and regular uterine contractions are started after the administration of Oxytocin.
When oxytocin fails to induce labor, the Caesarean section is done to take out the baby from the womb of mother.
Pitocin is given in some mothers to induce labor.