Meningococcal Meningitis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention

Meningococcal Meningitis


Meningitis is an inflammation of the layer covers the brain called meningeal layer. Meningitis may be Bacterial meningitis or Viral meningitis. Flu-like symptoms are similar in both types. Meningitis is not very common but is a serious infection of meninges, if not treated may lead  to death. Kernig’s sign is the important sign, in which the person is not able to straight knees in front of the body.

Symptoms of Meningitis in adults

  •   fever with high temperature
  • Severe headache
  • Nausea or vomiting  with headache
  • lack of concentration,
  • Confusion,
  • Sensitivity to light ( bright light),
  • Inability to maintain eye contact (in children)
  • Seizures
  • Sleepiness or difficulty to wake up
  • Stiffness of  neck
  • sensitivity to sound,
  • tiredness,
  • convulsions,
  • muscle pain,
  • Lack of interest in drinking and eating
  • Skin rash,  in case of viral or meningococcal

Kids are prone to get meningitis, the disease easily spreads between people who live in close quarters, teens, college or school students are vulnerable to get infection.

Symptoms of meningitis in babies

  • Fever,
  • cold hands and foot,
  • Vomiting,
  • Refuses food,
  • Feels drowsy,
  • Inactive,
  • Irritable cry
  • Lethargy
  • Irritability
  • Headache
  • Photo phobia
  • Seizures
  • poor feeding
  • A weak suck
  • A high-pitched cry

Identifying the signs and symptoms of meningitis is important to diagnose the disease. The babies may have same signs with some other infections or diseases. The disease can be treated with the help of antibiotics.

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